FAQ

Academic Program

NAO (Canada) offers a Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (DOMP) program, online worldwide, and on-site at its York University Heights campus in Toronto

Admission

NAO accepts high school graduates as well as health professionals to its DOMP program. For high school graduates the DOMP is one year. For health professionals it is 6 months.

Career Prospects

NAO alumni have annual income of $150,000, which is $60,000 more than other manual osteopaths because we teach them over 250 business management lectures.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Osteopathy?
Osteopathy (founded in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still in USA) is an established internationally recognized manual medicine system of analysis and treatment, which lays its main emphasis on the structural and functional integrity of the musculoskeletal system. Osteopathy is a heritage of Indigenous Peoples as it has roots in their healing arts and bodywork.
Dr. Still worked over 20 years in the Shawnee tribes reservation as a physician and there he learned the Cherokee Healing arts and bodywork. He organized the physical, hands-on method of treatments into what is now known as osteopathy.
Currently there are two types of osteopathy. One is called American style osteopathy also known as osteopathy or osteopathic medicine. This is similar to medicine and osteopathic physicians (also knows as osteopaths) have same exact scope of practice as a medical doctor. The other type of osteopathy is also known as European style osteopathy, osteopathy, manual osteopathy (in Canada) and osteopathic manual practice (in the United States). Its practitioners are called osteopaths (in Quebec and most of the world), manual osteopaths (in Canada, except Quebec and British Columbia) and osteopathic manual practitioners (in the United States and BC).
Manual osteopaths use a variety of hands-on physical treatments. These include soft tissue therapy, osteoarticular, cranial osteopathy (osteopathy in the cranial field), visceral manipulation, strain/counterstrain technique, lymphatic drainage, manual mechanotherapy, Still’s, facilitated positional release, balanced ligamentous tension, muscle energy techniques, myofascial release technique, trigger point therapy, etc. These techniques are normally employed together with exercise, dietary, and occupational advice in an attempt to help patients recover from pain, disease and injury. Manual osteopathy is specially effective in treating chronic pain. The ability of manual osteopaths in treating chronic pain is one reason why they are so much in demand. Specially after the COVID-19 which caused an increase in incidence of chronic pain as people are cooped inside without much activity, the need for manual osteopathic care has increased. Manual osteopathy is one of the few professions that has seen increase demand after COVID-19 and that is mainly due to its ability in treating chronic pain.

National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) teaches European style osteopathy (manual osteopathy). We do not teach osteopathic medicine.

What is the Minimum Academic Admission Requirement?

Any student with a grade 12 high school diploma or its equivalent may apply for admission to the osteopathic manual practice program offered by National Academy of Osteopathy. The diploma in osteopathic manual practice program is one year full time or two years part time in length for high school graduates or any other student without prior health education. The program length for students with prior health education is 6 months full time or 12 months part time.

How Long is the DOMP Program?

The Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (DOMP) offered by the NAO (Canada) may be taken as a full time or part time program. For high school graduates and other students who do not have any previous health education the DOMP program is one year full time or two years part time. For students who have previous health education (such as massage therapists, medical doctors, physiotherapists, kinesiologists, acupuncturists, athletic therapists, etc) the program is six months full time or 12 months part time. This is the first and only condensed six months full time accredited manual osteopathy program in Canada for health professionals. NAO is also the first and only accredited provider of DOMP education in Canada that accepts high school graduates.

How Much is the Tuition for DOMP Program?

Please visit the following link to check tuition and other fees for the DOMP program: http://www.nationalacademyofosteopathy.com/fees

Is There a Tuition Discount For Health Practitioners?

Yes, there is as health professionals enter the accelerated DOMP program which is shorter in duration (6 months). The tuition is also less for health professionals. Please visit the following link to check applicable tuition and other fees for health professionals: http://www.nationalacademyofosteopathy.com/fees

When Does the DOMP Program Start?

The full time & part time DOMP programs of NAO start twice a year; in the first week of September and March of each year.

Is Financial Help Available?

Aboriginal students in Canada may be eligible for scholarships from their government including the Métis Nation of Ontario. Students can also get installment Plans to pay their fee, Please contact Registrar Office at Admissions Office admissions@nationalacademyofosteopathy.com for more information .

What Diploma Offered Upon Graduation?

Upon gradations students receive the following designation: Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice. The academic designation you may use in front of your name is DOMP.

What Employment Opportunities Exist For Osteopaths?
There is zero unemployment in this profession as manual osteopaths either open their own clinics or work for others.
Upon graduation; osteopathic manual practitioners have the option of opening their own osteopathy clinics; or to rent rooms in established medical, health or rehab clinics and benefit from cross referrals; or to work as employees in other osteopathic, medical, chiropractic, physiotherapy, massage or rehab clinics.

Most manual osteopaths work in private clinics, often as sole proprietor, associate or employee. However, the increase in multidisciplinary health care facilities and physical rehabilitation clinics in Canada has opened new opportunities for osteopathic manual practitioners to collaborate with other health care professionals (such as family physicians, chiropractors, registered massage therapists, naturopaths, athletic therapists, kinesiologists, podiatrists, chiropodists, occupational therapists, ergonomists, and physiotherapists) and benefit patients with interprofessional care. A small numbers of manual osteopaths also work in hospitals, nursing homes, health spas, sports teams, insurance companies claims services department, fitness clubs, osteopathic colleges, motor vehicle accident (MVA) assessment centers and other institutions.

Most manual osteopaths establish their own private clinics as it is the most lucrative type of work. NAO graduates who own a clinic on average make $150,000 per year (net income is 80 to 90% of the gross income), which is $60,000 more than other manual osteopaths. The reason NAO alumni have higher income is because they receive over 250 business management lectures offered by NAO president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD. We graduate successful manual osteopaths because we teach them everything we know about business.
What is Annual Income of Manual Osteopaths?
The average salary for a new manual osteopathy graduate who works as an employee in a health or rehab clinic is generally between $30 to $40 per hour.  However  it is rare for manual osteopaths to work as employees for others as it is not as lucrative as working on your own. Due to ability of manual osteopaths in treating chronic pain, there is always a high demand for manual osteopathic care. As such most manual osteopaths open their own private clinics and charging on average $100 to $140 per hour. However we have many alumni who charge more. For example In Canada, NAO graduate Liza Egbogah who has been chosen by Toronto Star Newspaper as the #1 best manual osteopath in Toronto in 2019 charges $275 per hour. In the United States, NAO alumni Tanja Seagrave who practices in Los Angeles, California charges US$300 ($400 Canadian) per hour.
There is virtually no unemployment in this field as most manual osteopaths can open their own private clinics or work for others.
In Canada, most extended health plan insurers provide coverage for manual osteopathic care. To be eligible for coverage NAO alumni must join associations such as the College of Registered Manual Osteopaths (http://www.manualosteopaths.org) or other associations that is accepted by insurers.

For patients injured in a motor vehicle related accident in Ontario (Canada) all auto insurers cover osteopathic treatments performed by NAO graduates at the rate of approximately $60 per hour as per fee guideline set by Financial Services Commission of Ontario. However due to low rate of payment it is rare for manual osteopaths to accept MVA patients.

Is NAO registered with MTCU as per Private Career Colleges Act, 2005?

Private Career Colleges Act, 2005 regulates most private colleges in Ontario. There are a few educational health programs however; under NOC sections 3123 and 3232 such as osteopathy, podiatry, and chiropody that are exempted from being registered under this act. These exempted health educational programs must be registered under different government agencies. NAO is registered and licensed by Ontario Ministry of Government Services to operate in the Province of Ontario (license # 200607893) and it is also registered federally by Industry Canada (reg # 757053-8).

What is Manual Osteopathy Unemployment Rate?

There is virtually no unemployment in this health care profession. Almost all osteopathic manual practitioner find employment or open their own private osteopathy clinic. It is rare for manual osteopaths to work for others as employees. Most end up opening their own private clinics. This is mainly due to their ability in treating last resort chronic pain cases which makes them high in demand. Unlike other health professions where it takes average of 5 years for the health professional to have a fully booked practice, NAO alumni sometimes within months become fully booked. NAO alumni who work on their own have annual income of $150,000 (NAO graduates make $60,000 more than other manual osteopaths because they receive over 250 business management lectures). This is why rarely they work for others and those who do are usually new graduates who for a year or two work for others before starting their own private practice.

How Many Osteopaths Practice in North America?
There are approximately 5,000 manual osteopaths in Canada (2,500 of them are in Quebec). In the United States there are about 2,000 osteopathic manual practitioners as reported by the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners. Nearly half of them are women.
Most manual osteopaths in Canada (outside Quebec), the United States and many other countries are graduates of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada). All manual osteopaths who work at the 346 clinic of Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada (http://www.osteopathypainclinic.com) located in Canada, United States and 31 other countries are all osteopathy chronic pain specialists who have studied at NAO.
What Countries Offer Manual Osteopathy Education?

There are currently eight osteopathic colleges in Canada that offer a World Health Organization (WHO) compliant osteopathic education approved by the Council on Manual Osteopathy Education of the International Osteopathic Association (http://www.internationalosteopathicassociation.org), all teaching European style osteopathy (no surgery, no medications, only hands-on work). In the United States since 2016 there is a university (founded by Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD) offering osteopathic manual practice degree programs.

There are also accredited osteopathic colleges & universities in Argentina, Australia, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Germany, Russia, England, Spain, Israel, Italy, New Zealand, and France.
NAO is the largest provider of manual osteopathic education in the world with alumni in 72 countries. Most manual osteopaths in Canada (outside Quebec), United States and many other countries are NAO alumni.
Is Tuition Tax Deductable?

Yes. NAO Tuition is a tax-deductable expense if you own a business. Students receive a receipt for tuition paid. The cost of books and supplies are also tax deductable. Those students who do not own a business are recommended to register a business so they could use these expenses for tax reduction. In any case students must register a business if they plan to practice as manual osteopaths. We will teach you the best way to register your business to reduce your taxes while protecting your assets.

 

Is 12 months Enough to Learn Manual Osteopathy?
The DOMP program offered by National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) is a 2,200 hours program. The total hours of study at NAO (Canada) surpasses the teaching hours of most other Canadian manual osteopathic colleges. Most colleges offer 3 to 5 years part time programs at one weekend a month with a total teaching hours ranging from 320 to 1,500 hours. As such NAO students spend more time learning techniques compared to many other Canadian osteopathic colleges.
The minimum required teaching hours set by the International Osteopathic Association, American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners and College of Registered Manual Osteopaths (Canada) for a diploma program in manual osteopathy is 2000 hours and the NAO DOMP program exceeds that. There are schools in Europe & Australia offering osteopathy in a 3 to 4 year full time osteopathy program (3 or 4 years full time osteopathy program does not exist in Canada). These colleges teach comprehensive medical diagnosis courses as well as diagnostic imaging. Rendering a medical diagnosis or reading x-rays are controlled acts in many countries; such as Canada & USA. As such National Academy of Osteopathy does not teach medical diagnosis or diagnostic imaging. NAO students learn only manual osteopathic diagnosis. This why manual osteopathic education in Canada is shorter than the ones offered in Europe and Australia.
This is what Amir Kazemi, an NAO student said about the DOMP program:
“Dear Dr. Pourgol;
In July 2010 when you told me about osteopathy I was interested in it but the thing that was always in my mind was:

“Is it possible for me with no background in Health to start this program?”

You told me that you are creating a program that anyone with no background in Health can study and learn manual osteopathy and be successful in it. Still In February 2011 when I started osteopathy I was not sure about it but I did it because I trusted you.

Now after a month that I am in the osteopathy Program I am Sure that with your method of teaching the manual practice of osteopathy and the passion you have for teaching and also the curriculum you gather for other subjects in this program (anatomy, pathology,…) IT IS possible to become a successful manual osteopath ONLY in so few months.

I just want to thank you for creating this opportunity.”

What is the Online On-Demand Manual Osteopathy program offered at NAO?
For national and international students (including those in Toronto) who are unable to attend the campus based program we offer at our York University Heights campus in Toronto; we offer an online on-demand manual osteopathy program through a combination of online video lecture sessions through the internet, complete lectures on hard disk drive (mailed to student at the start of program), and optional on-site classroom osteopathy technique labs. National & International graduates of online distance education manual osteopathy program receive a Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (DOMP) upon graduation. The course content is exactly the same as the ones received by our on-site students. However on-site students have access to 4 months of clinical internship at NAO teaching clinic at the York University Heights campus in Toronto.
For our Canadian students we provide two weeks of mandatory practical classes in Toronto. These practical classes are optional for international students.
Canadian NAO online students who wish to have clinical experience can join the optional NAO bridge program (clinical internship program). NAO would pair them with NAO approved clinicians across Canada for them to have practical experiences within a clinic setting.
What is the Difference Between a Manual Osteopath and a Chiropractor?

Chiropractors and manual osteopaths are both health professionals who treat patients with a focus on the musculoskeletal system, including the spine, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Historically there is a political answer relating to the founder of osteopathy, Dr Andrew Taylor Still, falling out with his student, Dr. D.D. Palmer, who then went on to be the founder of chiropractic.

The principle working difference is that osteopaths tend to use more rhythmical and gentler techniques while chiropractors use more often stronger, high velocity, low amplitude manipulative techniques. Chiropractors may also employ modalities such as ultrasound and various electrotherapies for pain relief while manual osteopaths generally rely on hands-on manual techniques to relieve pain.

Essentially, both offer valuable and useful services, and each can be included in a holistic healthcare regimen. There are now many multidisciplinary clinics offering manual osteopathy, chiropractic, physiotherapy and registered massage therapy services. This seems to be the new growing trend in Canada, USA and Europe, specially for chronic pain patients.

NAO president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD has made two videos that offer more detailed information about similarities and differences between chiropractic and manual osteopathy. Please click on the links below to view the videos.
Treatment Differences Between Chiropractors & Manual Osteopaths: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3FrNE2L4IU&t=495s
Chiropractic & Manual Osteopathy: A Financial Comparison: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJdmHVguLgY&t=3s
Is NAO accepted by International Osteopathic Association (IOA)?

Yes. NAO is accepted as being a fully accredited manual osteopathy educational centre by International Osteopathic Association (www.internationalosteopathicassociation.org). NAO graduates are permitted to apply for IOA membership and to receive certificates of registrations.

Is NAO the Only Osteopathy College Offering DOMP?

Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice – DOMP is a Canadian designation and title copyrighted by National Academy of Osteopathy. No school is permitted to offer this title without NAO approval. NAO accepts only the Canadian College of Osteopathy for offering DOMP title. Any other school offering this title is in violation of Canadian Copyright Act. Any osteopathy school and anyone who is using the DOMP title without written consent of NAO (Canada) may face legal consequences for illegibly using the DOMP title.

Does NAO Offer Accelerated Program for Health Professionals?

For health professionals who wish to enter the rewarding health care profession of manual osteopathy; National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO) offers the Accelerated Manual Osteopathy Program for Health Practitioners…Click here for more information

Is Manual Osteopathy Treatments Covered by Insurers?

In certain countries (such as Canada, Australia & most European countries) manual osteopathic treatments are covered by most insurance providers.

In Canada more than 90% of insurers cover osteopathic treatments. And of these 95% cover osteopathic treatments offered by National Academy of Osteopathy graduates who have joined the Ontario Osteopathic & Alternative Medicine Association, College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario, Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine or other associations.

Is Manual Osteopathy Treatments Covered by Health Insurers?
Out of many insurers that cover manual osteopathic treatments; many accept the DOMP diploma offered by National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO has the copyright to the DOMP title). However even though insurers accept the DOMP title issued by NAO, to receive reimbursement by insurers, an NAO graduate must apply for membership to an association that is accepted by EHP insurers; such as the Canadian Association of Alternative Medicine (https://acma-association.com), College of Registered Manual Osteopaths (https://www.manualosteopaths.org), or College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario (https://www.compontario.com).
Is There a Waiting List for NAO Campus Based Program?

Yes. Due to limited space the campus based program is in high demand and there is a waiting list to get into the campus based program.

Is NAO Program Shorter Than Other Osteopathy Colleges?
The 2,200 hours NAO DOMP program has more teaching hours than almost all other osteopathy programs offered in Canada. While it may seem that NAO program (12 months full time or 24 months part time) is shorter than other colleges that offer 3 to 5 years programs; in reality the total hours is more than most osteopathic colleges in Canada and internationally who offer a diploma program in manual osteopathy. Even though most osteopathic colleges have programs ranging from 3 years to 5 years; they are offered mostly on part time basis, one weekend a month, six months per year, or 13 weekends (modules) in 3 years. Their total teaching hours are generally less than NAO’s. In the case of an Ontario college that teaches manual osteopathy in 3 years, the total teaching days are 36 days as it offers 13 modules in 3 years, each module covering two days of lectures (total of 320 hours). The other schools teaching 4 to 5 years osteopathy program have total teaching hours ranging between 1,000 to 1,500 hours.

In England and Australia the osteopathy program is offered 4 years full time (4,200 hours). They teach medical diagnosis & diagnostic imaging. NAO does not teach medical diagnosis or diagnostic imaging (we teach osteopathic diagnosis) as it is a controlled act in Canada. That is why the Canadian osteopathic education is shorter than the ones offered in Europe and Australia. But in Canada, NAO offers the most detailed osteopathy program available. We teach more techniques than any other school and we have more professors than any other schools.

What Osteopathic Techniques Are Taught at NAO?

National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) teaches more techniques than any other osteopathy college in Canada and we have more technique professors than any other school of manual osteopathy in Canada. We teach only scientific research proven techniques for all joints including lumbar, thoracic, cervical, temporomandibular joint, shoulder, scapula, elbow, wrist, hand, sacrum, hip, knee, ankle and foot.

Some of the techniques we teach include soft tissue therapy, osteoarticular, oscillatory, global, cranial osteopathy, visceral techniques, strain/counterstrain technique, lymphatic drainage, manual mechanotherapy, Still’s, facilitated positional release, balanced ligamentous tension, muscle energy techniques, myofascial release technique, trigger point therapy, etc.
We are the only school in Canada that teaches Manual Mechanotherapy, which is considered the lost techniques of osteopathy.

What Makes NAO the Best Osteopathy College in the World?

What makes NAO education different and why so many manual osteopaths from other schools re-study osteopathy again at NAO is the 250 business management lectures offered by NAO president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD. These lectures are the reason why we graduate successful wealthy manual osteopaths. NAO alumni have annual gross income of $150,000 per year which is $60,000 more than other manual osteopaths.

What is World Osteopathy Day?
NAO president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD is the founder of World Osteopathy Day (June 22nd).

For over 130 years osteopathy has done so much to help treat chronic pain and other conditions and it deserve a day of its own as recognition of its contribution to human society worldwide.

At 10AM on June 22, 1874 in Baldwin, Kansas (USA), the 46 years old Dr Andrew Taylor Still founded osteopathy. Dr. Pourgol chose this day in oppose to Dr Still’s date of birth (August 06, 1828) as the World Osteopathy Day.

Dr Pourgol is bringing a private member bill to the Canadian parliament to request the government of Canada officially recognize June 22ndas the World Osteopathy Day.

Is osteopathy treatments covered by insurers for MVA patients?
In certain countries (such as Canada, Australia & most European countries) osteopathic treatments provided to patients who suffered injuries in a motor vehicle accident are covered by all insurance providers including State Farm, Allstate, Aviva, Belair, Certas, RBC, Royal, TD, Dominion, Cooperators, Chubb, Pilot, & Perth. For example in the province of Ontario in Canada all insurers as per Financial Services Commission of Ontario (FSCO) must cover osteopathic treatments at a rate of $57.67 per hour for non-catastrophic injuries and at a rate of $88.28 for catastrophic injuries.
Manual osteopaths who accept to treat MVA patients are not permitted to charge patients above what is the approved rate established by FSCO. As the fees are low compare to what manual osteopaths usually charge ($100 to $140 per hour), most manual osteopaths refrain from seeing MVA patients.
Can manual osteopathy be learned online?

When we started teaching osteopathy in 2010, we revolutionized the profession of manual osteopathy by offering it online. We are still the only accredited school of osteopathy in the world that teaches an online DOMP program.
Now most manual osteopaths in Canada (outside Quebec), USA and many other countries are online graduated NAO alumni. Yet since 2010, there has not been even one case of malpractice against any of our students. Additionally many have fully booked practices and actually with annual income of $150,000 make $60,000 more per year than other manual osteopaths. This is a proof to that they are offering safe, effective, ethical manual osteopathic care.
In some ways the online education is even superior to the campus based because students have the ability to pause the lectures and watch any techniques over and over again (our campus based students however have also access to all our online video lectures). National Academy of Osteopathy has alumni in 72 countries and countless successful manual osteopaths are practicing around the world who studied manual osteopathy through an online course. All manual osteopaths in the 346 clinics of Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada located in 33 countries are NAO alumni and this clinic is now the largest chronic pain clinic in the world. in 2017 OCPCC started with one clinic in Toronto and quickly within 3 years grew to 346 clinics in 33 countries. Most OCPCC manual osteopaths are online graduated. Their rapid growth is an indication that they are providing effective chronic pain care. This is another proof that online graduated manual osteopaths indeed can provide safe, effective care to the public.
The professions of osteopathy, chiropractic, massage therapy, physiotherapy and even medicine and dentistry have offered at one time or another correspondence courses. With the technology NAO uses students feel they are sitting in a classroom watching the lectures. They have also the ability to email NAO at any time and ask any academic questions they may have. Even now in the time of COVID-19 some medical schools, dental schools and chiropractic schools are offering many programs through online education.
With the advancement in communication technology online education is improving rapidly. Time has shown that many of health related programs can indeed be taught online. Here are some examples:

  • Since 2003; many universities in the USA have been offering transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy (tDPT) through 100% online education. The tDPT is available only to physiotherapists as a post professional degree. However the older generation of physiotherapists did not study diagnostic imaging, medical diagnosis or manual therapy. The tDPT program teaches these subjects. So it is possible to learn diagnosis, radiology and manual therapy through online programs.
  • Since 2010, there has not been even one reported complaint against any of the NAO graduates. This is a clear indication of the safety and efficacy of online osteopathic education.
  • Since a decade ago; the University of Western Ontario has been offering a Diploma in Pedorthics program. The program has 6 courses which are online. These courses includes assessments and pedorthic examinations. The university has graduated many students and they are currently working as certified pedorthists in Canada. This shows that pedorthic education can be learned online.
  • A United Kingdom university is offering a 100% online specialty program in orthopedic surgery to medical doctors since the past few years.
  • Many universities in the USA are offering online master’s degrees in nursing since the past decade.
  • A college in Alberta, Canada is offering a diploma program in massage through online education.
  • Many colleges and universities in USA and elsewhere offer naturopathy diplomas and degrees through online format.
  • A school in USA has just started teaching needle-less acupuncture online.
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine is offered online through many schools.
  • Clinical nutrition is offered by hundreds of universities and colleges worldwide.
  • Kinesiology & human kinetics is offered through online education by a number of schools.
  • Degrees in clinical psychology is offered by many universities.
  • And now post COVID-19 almost all programs in health (medical, dentistry, chiropractic and even osteopathy) are offered through online education. NAO was years ahead of others in offering online osteopathy education.
How does osteopathic treatment help patients with low back pain?

There are a few known mechanism affecting individuals who receive osteopathic treatment for low back pain.

First mechanism: Osteopathic spinal manipulation increases joint mobility by producing a barrage of impulses in muscle spindle afferents and smaller-diameter afferents ultimately silencing facilitated ? (gamma) motoneurons as proposed by Korr. This theory is supported by several recent studies by the Pickar lab and by findings that low back pain patients have altered proprioceptive input from muscle spindles. Recent work has also shown that that spinal manipulation modifies the discharge of Group I and II afferents. This has been accomplished by recording single-unit activity in muscle spindle and Golgi tendon organ afferents in an animal model during manipulation.

A second mechanism is that osteopathic spinal manipulation, by mechanically opening the intravertebral foramina (IVF), decreases pressure on the dorsal roots. Substantial evidence shows that the dorsal nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia are susceptible to the effects of mechanical compression. Compressive loads as low as 10 mg applied to dorsal roots increase the discharge of Group I, II, III and IV afferents. This compression can also alter non–impulse-based mechanisms (eg, axoplasmic transport) and cause edema and hemorrhage in the dorsal root. Spinal manipulation mechanically decreases the pressure in the IVF by gapping the facet joints and opening the IVF. For instance, the synovial space of the lumbar facet joints increases by about 0.7 mm in individuals receiving manipulation. This doesn’t seem like much, but as with any therapy there is usually a course of care involved. Even in moderate stenosis patients treated by osteopaths typically see significant pain reduction following a period of 1-2 weeks of treatment.

A third mechanism is based on findings that persistent alterations in normal sensory input resulting from an injury can increases the excitability of neuronal circuits in the spinal cord. Osteopathic spinal manipulation works by applying non-noxious mechanical inputs to these circuits. This involves mechanisms similar to the pain-gate theory proposed by Melzack and Wall wherein activation of A-a and A-ß fibers can reduce chronic pain and increase pain threshold levels. This is supported by studies where spinal manipulation of the lumbar region decreases central pain processing as measured via pin-prick tests. Additional studies have shown a reduction in central pain sensitivity after spinal manipulation using graded pressure and noxious cutaneous electrical stimulation.

A fourth mechanism involves ß-endorphin mechanisms. Studies have shown increases in beta-endorphin levels after spinal manipulation but not after control interventions.

Fifth mechanism: Substantial evidence also shows that spinal manipulation activates paraspinal muscle reflexes and alters motoneuron excitability. These effects are still being studied and appear to differ depending on whether performed on patients in pain or pain-free subjects.

A sixth mechanism involves inhibition of somatosomatic reflexes by alterations in muscle spindle input produced by osteopathic spinal manipulation. It is thought that spinal manipulation may normalize spindle biomechanics and improve muscle spindle discharge.

Lastly, in humans, osteopathic manual treatment can decrease heart rate and blood pressure while increasing vagal afferent activity as measured by heart-rate variability. Manual therapies in rats have been shown to produce an inhibitory effect on the cardiovascular excitatory response and reduce both blood pressure and heart rate. Manual therapies such as osteopathic soft tissue therapy have been shown to impact behavioral manifestations associated with chronic activation of the HPA axis such as anxiety and depression, while decreasing plasma, urinary, and salivary cortisol and urinary corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI). Manual stimulation in rats has been shown to significantly increase glucocorticoid receptor gene expression which enhanced negative feedback inhibition of HPA activity and reduced post-stress secretion of ACTH and glucocorticoid.

What Organizations Have Accredited NAO?

We are a fully accredited osteopathic school and our students have access to membership in many organizations in their fields. Some of the organizations that NAO alumni can join include:

  1. College of Registered Manual Osteopaths (CRMO)
  2. Canadian Association of Alternative Medicine (ACMA)
  3. American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (AAOMP)
  4. International Osteopathic Association (IOA)
  5. Canadian Manual Osteopathic Association (CMOA)
  6. Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (CUOMP)
  7. College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario (COMPO)
  8. Society for Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Alberta (SOMPA)
  9. Nova Scotia Osteopathic Association (NSOA)
  10. Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board (CMOEB)
  11. Ontario Osteopathic Alternative Medicine Association (OOAMA)
  12. Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine (OAONM)
  13. Alberta College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (ACORS)
  14. International Osteopathy Examining Board (IOEB)
  15. Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (OCORS)
  16. Council on Manual Osteopathy Education (CMOE)
  17. British Columbia College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (BCCORS)
  18. American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB)
  19. US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice (UCOMPE)
  20. Caribbean Osteopathic Association (COA)
  21. European Osteopathic Association (EOA)
  22. Iranian Osteopathic Association (IrOA)
  23. Indian Osteopathic Association (InOA)
  24. Singapore Osteopathic Association (SOA)
  25. African Osteopathic Association (AfOA)
I am a licensed health practitioner. Can I use my osteopathic education towards my Continuing Education (CE) requirements of my regulatory board?

Yes. Most regulatory boards for chiropractors, physiotherapists, massage therapists, naturopaths, acupuncturists, occupational therapists, kinesiologists, athletic therapists & trainers, homeopaths, & medical doctors accept the time you spent studying in our programs towards your CE requirement. Most regulatory boards require 20 to 40 hours of CE in a year or two, and our programs cover this requirement as all our programs are over 40 hours.

Could Manual Osteopaths Bill Insurers For Two Types of Treatments?

Yes but it depends on the type of patient’s coverage, EHP or MVA.

In most cases you cannot bill extended health plan (EHP) insurers for manual osteopathy and another type of treatment (chiropractic, physiotherapy, massage therapy, naturopathy, athletic therapy, acupuncture, etc) on the same day. Most EHP insurers accept only one type of treatment from one health practitioner. Your clinic can bill for manual osteopathy and massage therapy for example on the same day if the treatments are performed by two health practitioners in the clinic. But if the health practitioner is a massage therapist/manual osteopath then in one day massage therapy must be billed and another day manual osteopathy.

This does not apply to motor vehicle accident (MVA) patients. For MVA patients health practitioners can charge the insurers for more than one type of therapy. For example on the same visit an insurer can be billed for manual osteopathic treatments, modalities, and rehabilitation.

After graduating from your osteopathy program, can I practice in all countries?
Yes, you can practice and open a clinic in almost all countries. In countries where osteopathy is not a regulated health profession (most countries of the world) you can practice as an osteopath or manual osteopath. In Canada, osteopathic medicine is a regulated profession (manual osteopathy is not regulated in Canada). Therefore in Canada our alumni must call themselves manual osteopaths or osteopathic manual practitioners. There is an exception and that is the French speaking province of Quebec where NAO alumni can legally use the title of osteopath. In British Columbia they cannot use the title of manual osteopath and must use osteopathic manual practitioner title.
Osteopathic medicine is also a regulated health profession in the United States. There in US, NAO alumni must call themselves osteopathic manual practitioners. They cannot use osteopath or manual osteopath.
In United Kingdom, France, Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Namibia and South Africa and any other country where manual osteopathy is a regulated health profession, NAO alumni should call themselves manual therapists and if permitted osteopathic manual practitioner.
In most other countries, including Spain, Ireland, Germany, Netherlands, South Korea, Brazil, Iran, China, Taiwan, Japan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, Singapore, Mexico, Venezuela, Greece, Vietnam, Netherlands, Turkey, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Bermuda, Jamaica, Malaysia, Trinidad & Tobago, Latvia and Singapore, our graduates can use the term osteopath and practice as osteopaths.
Who Holds the Copyright to DOMP?

National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) is the copyright holder of the DOMP (Diploma in Osteopathic manual Practice) title. Only Canadian College of Osteopathy and its alumni are approved users of the DOMP title. Any other school and their alumni that are using the title of DOMP are doing so illegibly and are breaking the Copyright Act of Canada and may face legal consequence.

What is Osteopathy TV?

Osteopathy TV, founded by our president Dr Shahin Pourgol as an instrument to increase the name recognition of osteopathy amongst the public while also increasing their health related knowledge. This is the first ever TV channel dedicated to osteopathic health care. The TV station is being developed and soon will start producing programs on a weekly basis. It is financially supported by NAO.

Is there a database of osteopathic related research papers?

There are many. Our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol has set up a Facebook page called “Osteopathy Related Research & Science” at www.fb.com/osteopathicresearch which compiles links to many useful manual osteopathic related research papers.

Do you offer any seminars?

Yes, we offer a number of manual osteopathic related seminars at very low fees. Please contact the admissions office for more info. You can also visit our seminar Facebook page for more info at www.fb.com/osteopathyseminars. Our seminars are offered on a wide variety of topics including sports osteopathy, kinesiological taping, decompression traction therapy, leg length discrepancy, osteopathic wellness protocol, etc.

What is the Treatment Satisfaction Rate of Manual Osteopathy?

A 2012 survey has shown that with a treatment satisfaction rate of 95%, manual osteopathy is the number one choice of patients in Canada for chronic low back pain relief.

What is the Patient Confidence Rate for Manual Osteopaths?

A survey has shown that of all the alternative health care practitioners in Canada, patients have the highest confidence in manual osteopaths

How Do Manual Osteopaths Save Lives?

Fracture of the femur bone due to a slip & fall is the main cause of accident related death in seniors. This is mainly due to osteoporosis making the bones weak, and subsequently when the person fells down the bone breaks easily. The fractured bone in some cases cuts through the femoral artery. A number of patients die due to bleeding even before reaching the hospital. The osteopathic muscle energy techniques (MET) are known to improve function & balance by improving range of motion of the joints and the muscle tone. A better function & balance decreases the chance of a fall, and subsequent bone fracture and possible death. Seniors should receive weekly manual osteopathic care to remain more active and to continue enjoying a better quality of life. Manual osteopaths help prevent injuries. And by decreasing chances of a slip & fall they ultimately save lives.

How much Canadians spent yearly on manual osteopathic care?

A 2006 survey showed that Canadians on average spend about $220 per year on manual osteopathic care.

What is the financial status of manual osteopaths in Canada?
Statistic Canada reported that 10% of Canadians have annual income of over $80,000. Manual osteopaths in Canada, with an average income of $90,000 per year are part of the wealthiest 10% of Canadians (data from 2013). National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) graduates on the other hand have annual income of $150,000. Their higher income as oppose to other manual osteopaths is mainly due to the 250 business management lectures they receive at NAO (offered by NAO president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD). It also has to do with their ability in treating chronic pain. Unlike other osteopathy schools NAO places heavy emphasis on chronic pain management education.
The high income NAO graduates enjoy puts them in the top 1% wealthiest Canadian.
What is the job satisfaction rate for manual osteopaths?

According to the most recent Gallup survey of the North American workplace; only 25% of workers were satisfied with their employment and love what they do. Manual osteopaths in Canada, with a job satisfaction rate of 98% have one of the highest job satisfaction rates of all occupations. Manual osteopathy has been included in the top 25 best occupations in demand in Canada by the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. The high job satisfaction is due to emotional and financial satisfaction the profession affords to its practitioners. NAO alumni treat last resort chronic pain cases. The type of cases other health professionals could not help. This brings great emotional job satisfaction to our alumni. Additionally having annual income of $150,000 creates wealthy individuals (the top 1% of society). This high income is one of the main reasons why our alumni have such high job satisfaction rate.

What are the similarities & differences between manual osteopathy, massage therapy, physiotherapy & chiropractic?

Dr Pourgol has prepared an article on major similarities and differences of these four health professions that offer manual therapy. To read the article please click on the link below which takes you directly to Dr Pourgol’s personal blog site.
Click here

Is there a Facebook group on manual osteopathy?

There are many such groups. However one of the largest ones is “We Love Osteopathy” which is founded by our president Dr Shahin Pourgol. It is open to everyone. Feel free to join the group. The group address is: www.fb.com/groups/weloveosteopathy.

Is there a film documentary on manual osteopathy?

Dr Pourgol in cooperation with Osteopathy TV and the financial backing of National Academy of Osteopathy & the National University of Medical Sciences is in the process of producing a full length film documentary on manual osteopathy called “The Last Resort”. The documentary discusses why manual osteopathy is in such a high demand in Canada and why patients sometimes wait months to see a manual osteopath. The documentary will be provided free of charge to Netflix, the Documentary Channel, PBS and other networks, with the hope that it increases the public awareness to the wonderful beautiful profession of manual osteopathy.

Why chiropractors study manual osteopathy?

We have many chiropractors and chiropractic students as students such as Dr. George Sandu, DC, DOMP, president of the Canadian Manual Osteopathic Association. This is because manual osteopathy is very popular with chronic pain patients. In Canada there is a waiting list of over a year (in London, Ontario), 6 months (in Halifax) and so on. In 2012 Canadians chose manual osteopathy as their #1 choice for low back pain relief as compared to chiropractic, massage therapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and pain medication.

By becoming a manual osteopaths chiropractors assure that they will have a full practice. Here is a testimonial from a chiropractor graduate of NAO click here.

Why so many massage therapists study manual osteopathy at NAO?
Massage therapists study manual osteopathy at NAO because it offers them a great way to treat chronic pain, to have a fully booked practice and to have annual income of $150,000. We have students such as massage therapist Tanja Seagrave in Los Angeles, California (USA) that charges US$300 ($400 Canadian) per hour. And we have many massage therapists who have doubled their income. This high income compared to other manual osteopaths who make on average $90,000 per year is because we offer over 250 business management lectures to our DOMP students. We teach our students everything we know about business and this is why we graduate wealthy successful manual osteopaths.

Please visit the testimonial page of NAO to read how massage therapists have benefited by studying manual osteopathy at NAO. Click on the link below to read one such testimonial from NAO graduate & registered massage therapist (RMT), Angele Boyle who doubled her income in less than a year following graduation: click here

Is NAO approved by WorkBC?

The WorkBC program of the Canadian Government in British Columbia may now cover your full tuition to study manual osteopathy at the York University Heights campus of National Academy of Osteopathy in Toronto if you are found eligible. Contact the WorkBC Employment Center nearest you for more information.

What does NAO student card look like?

Click on the link below to see a sample of student card issued to students. Your National Academy of Osteopathy student card entitles you to discount on thousands of items in North America, Europe and elsewhere. Please make sure you keep your student card with you at all times as a proof of being an NAO student. Click Here

Who are the first osteopathy family of NAO?

Physiotherapist & university professor Dr Hossein Khorami, his daughter Saba, a kinesiologist & optometrist wife Dr Maryam Gharahgozloo graduated together as manual osteopaths from NAO in July 2014. While we had a number of couples and siblings studying together at NAO, this is the first time all members of a family enrolled together at NAO. Click on the link below to see their photos: Click Here

What is the most popular treatment for low back pain?

A survey done in 2012 indicates that manual osteopathy is the most popular treatment for chronic low back pain by Canadian patients as compared to chiropractic, physiotherapy, acupuncture, pain medication and massage therapy.

How Many Students are Studying Manual Osteopathy?

There are over 14,700 students of European style osteopathy (also known as manual osteopathy) enrolled in degree or diploma programs around the world.

There are 21,741 students of American style osteopathy (also known as osteopathic medicine) enrolled in the DO (Doctor of Osteopathy) programs in American osteopathic universities and schools.

USA is the only country offering education in osteopathic medicine. All other countries where students enrolled offer European style osteopathic education (no surgery, no medication).

How many manual osteopaths practice around the world?

The total number of European style osteopaths (as opposed to American style osteopathic physicians who practice surgery and prescribe medications) is 43,000. The total number of American style osteopathic physicians is 87,000.

Who Refers Patients to Manual Osteopaths?

A 2013 survey indicates that manual osteopaths receive the most number of patients through word of mouth referrals of their own patients. The second most common source of patient referral is from family physicians. Here are the most common sources of patients referrals to European style manual osteopaths. The amount is in percentage.

Friend of patient 29.7%
Medical Doctor (M.D.) 23.6%
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) 3.9%
Chiropractor 1.8%
Chinese medicine 2.3%
Physiotherapist 15%
Counselor/psychologist 3.5%
Podiatrist 4.1%
Dietician 1%
Personal trainer 3.5%
Massage therapist 6.6%

Where Do Osteopaths Work?

A 2013 survey of European style manual osteopaths finds that the majority of manual osteopaths prefer to own their own private osteopathy clinic. Of interest is that over 3% of manual osteopaths work in hospital and 6.5% of them have positions in universities.

Private clinic 43%
With 1 partner 14.1%
More than 2 partners 18.2%
Hospital 3%
Outpatient clinic 2.9%
Medical institution 3.9%
University 6.5%

How Long Does it Takes for an Osteopathic Treatment?

30 to 45 minutes is the most common treatment length for manual osteopathic treatments. A 2013 survey indicates 40.5% of patients manual osteopaths see in Canada, USA & Europe receive this length of treatment.
The 2nd most common is 45 to 60 minutes, which 31.8% of patients receive.

Do Family Physicians Refer to Osteopaths?

The 2nd most common referral sources of manual osteopaths (also known as European style osteopaths) in Canada, USA & Europe are medical doctors. 18.5% patients manual osteopaths see are referred by MDs, a 2013 survey finds.

Do Physiotherapists Refer to Manual Osteopaths?

A 2013 survey finds that over 10.6% of the patients that manual osteopaths treat in the USA, Canada and Europe are referred to them by physiotherapists. Physical therapists make up the third most common referral sources of manual osteopaths. By manual osteopath we mean European style osteopaths as opposed to American style osteopathic physicians who perform surgery and prescribe medications. Manual osteopaths limit treatments to hands-on manual therapy.

How Many Manual Osteopaths Practice in Each Country?

Here are approximate number of European style osteopaths (also known as manual osteopaths) in a selected number of countries.

Argentina 125 Australia 1,725 Austria 600 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 1
Bahrain 3 Belgium 1,539 Belize 1 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2 Brazil 250
Brunei 1 Bermuda 2 Cameroon 2 Canada 5,000 Cayman Islands 1
Chile 45 China (including Hong Kong & Macau) 150 Costa Rica 15 Croatia 2 Czech Republic 5
Colombia 15 Croatia 16 Cyprus 11 Denmark 50 Dominican Republic 2
Egypt 35 El Salvador 2 Estonia 5 Finland 300 France 17,460
Germany 7,000 Greece 40 Hungary 5 Iceland 2 India 360
Indonesia 10 Iran 120 Ireland 120 Israel 50 Italy 6,000
Jamaica 1 Japan 275 Jordan 20 Latvia 20 Lebanon 10
Lithuania 10 Luxembourg 40 Malaysia 25 Malta 1 Martinique 5
Mexico 175 Morocco 35 Namibia 1 Netherlands 639 New Zealand 400
Nigeria 10 Norway 250 Oman 1 Palestine 5 Panama 2
Philippines 30 Poland 30 Portugal 400 Qatar 2 Romania 35
Russia 1,300 Saudi Arabia 50 Serbia 5 Singapore 30 Slovakia 2
Slovenia 2 Spain 800 South Africa 49 South Korea 200 St Lucia 1
St Martin 10 Sweden 200 Switzerland 850 Taiwan 30 Tanzania 4
Thailand 45 Trinidad & Tobago 1 Turkey 25 UAE 30 UK 4,211
Ukraine 80 USA 2,000 Venezuela 10 Vietnam 20
I am a student at another college of osteopathy. Can I transfer to NAO?

Yes, you can. While most schools of osteopathy offer excellent education, many of their students do transfer to National Academy of Osteopathy for a variety of reasons.

Most colleges offer osteopathic education that is 3 to 5 years part time one weekend a month for 6 months per year, while NAO offers a compact 6 months to 1 year full time program. This is popular by students as they can finish their program sooner and start working and helping patients.

Tuition is another reason they transfer to NAO. In Italy students pay up to 100,000 EURO and in Canada up to $45,000 for osteopathic education. Our DOMP program starts from $9,970.00, which is one of the most affordable accredited manual osteopathic education.

But by far the most common reason for transfer of osteopathic students of other schools to NAO is our business management lectures. There are many fine schools of osteopathy in Canada but to become a wealthy successful manual osteopath, there is only NAO! Our alumni have annual income of $150,000 which is $60,000 more than other manual osteopaths. This is the main reason why so many other manual osteopaths re-study osteopathy again at NAO. You can read some of their testimonial at NAO website. Students like Ali Haghighi who studied osteopathy elsewhere before joining NAO. He now has a minion dollar osteopathy clinic near Newmarket, Ontario (Canada). He has 16 health professionals working for him and in July 2020 he hired three NAO graduates to help him with increased demand for manual osteopathic care post COVID-19.
Does Canadian Government Recognize Manual Osteopathy?

We are glad to announce that the title “Osteopathic Manual Practitioner” has now been officially entered into the National Occupational Classification of Canada; under the NOC Code # 3232 (Practitioners of Natural Healing).

This is great news for the profession of manual osteopathy as it gives a unique identity to the job title of our graduates, and it is a great step towards regulating the profession of manual osteopathy in Ontario and elsewhere in Canada.

Previously there was only the title “osteopath or Doctor of Osteopathy” was classified in Canada to represent anyone who practices any forms of osteopathy. Now there are officially two distinct forms of osteopathy in Canada, one the osteopathic medicine, which its practitioners call themselves osteopaths in Canada and the other European style manual osteopathy which its practitioners are called manual osteopaths or osteopathic manual practitioners.

Did Canada Post Publish a World Osteopathy Day Mailing Stamp?

On Nov 11, 2014, Canada Post published World Osteopathy Day stamps, designed by Dr Shahin Pourgol, president of the National Academy of Osteopathy & the National University of Medical Sciences, the largest providers of manual osteopathic education worldwide. Osteopathy, since it was founded over 137 years ago by Dr Still in the USA, had never had a day of its own until 2012 when Dr Pourgol founded June 22nd as the World Osteopathy Day.

What is the National Occupation Classification Code for Manual Osteopaths?

The NOC (National Occupation Code) for “Osteopathic Manual Practitioners” in Canada is 3232 and it falls under “Practitioners of Natural Health”.

Did HCAI add Osteopathy?

IN Ontario, all practitioners who treat MVA patients use HCAI. Health Claims for Auto Insurance (HCAI) is an electronic system for transmitting auto insurance Ontario Claim Forms (OCFs) between health care businesses and insurers in Ontario. Previously there was no category for osteopaths, and osteopathic manual practitioners in Ontario had to use “other” to list themselves on the forms and auto insurance standard invoice (AISI). Now we have our own category “osteopathy” which manual osteopaths can use when submitting OCF 18 (treatment plans) and OCF 21 (Auto Insurance Standard Invoice).
First Canadian government recognized manual osteopathy by adding it to National Occupational Classification under NOC code 3232 and now the Ontario provincial government permitted osteopathy to be added as an independent category under HCAI.
The profession is getting more recognition. And these all helps us in getting the profession regulated in Ontario. Our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol has donated $200,000 to the “Osteopaths Unite” campaign and in such short term we have seen the profession advance quite rapidly.

Is NAO certified by the Minister of Employment & Social Development of Canada?

Yes, National Academy of Osteopathy has been certified by honorable Jason Kenney, the Canadian Minister of Employment & Social Development on December 07, 2014. This certification remains active for 5 years until December 07, 2019.

Are there tax credits available to NAO students?

Canadian National Academy of Osteopathy students are permitted now to claim for tax credits for the NAO tuition, textbooks & educational expenses they paid to study manual osteopathy as per Income Tax Act of Canada. as NAO is an approved school by Canada Revenue Agency (CRA).

How much the Canadian government offers for textbooks tax credit?

The Canadian government offers up to $780 in textbooks tax credit to residents of Canada to study manual osteopathy at National Academy of Osteopathy.

Are NAO Graduates Eligible to Apply for Futurpreneur Canada Loans?

Our graduates of the diploma in osteopathic manual practice (DOMP) program, 18 to 34 years old who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents are eligible to apply for business development loans of up to $15,000 (at prime posted by CIBC plus 3% interest rate) under the Futurpreneur Canada program of the Canadian government.
You must have already been graduated as a manual osteopath and have already opened your own private osteopathy clinic. Your clinic must be less than one year old and you have to agree to work with a mentor for up to 2 years and prepare a business plan.

Is Discount Available to NAO Graduates for Foot Orthotics?

Professor Majid Javadifar, an orthotist & Prosthetist as well as a manual osteopath, is a graduate of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) and National University of Medical Sciences (Spain).
Dr Javadifar owns one of the best orthotics manufacturing labs in Canada, while also having a multidisciplinary clinic in North York, Ontario. Shahla & Sara, two NAO graduated manual osteopaths work with Dr Javadifar in his clinic.
Any of our graduates who needs an orthotics lab for patients needing orthopedic footwear should contact him directly. NAO graduates receive discounts for a number of products offered at this orthotics manufacturing lab.

What College is Best for Osteopathic Techniques?

NAO teaches more osteopathic techniques than any other osteopathic college in the world. We are also the only school of osteopathy teaching (along with all other osteopathy techniques) the Manual Mechanotherapy techniques, a set of techniques that is known as the lost techniques of osteopathy.
Did you know that we are the only osteopathic college that has Canadian, American, European & Asian technique instructors?

Is the DOMP Program Regularly Updated?

Yes. We consistently upgrade all our diploma program. Every term we add a number of osteopathy techniques as well as business lectures to the DOMP program.

Does NAO have a Poem of its Own?

This poetry is by NAO student, Dr Chris Vincent, MBBS, titled ” Students of National Academy of Osteopathy”.

A poem

We are the chosen.
Ordinary people
from different places
training for extraordinary work,
under the benevolent gaze
of Dr. Shahin Pourgol,
>We are diamonds in the rough,
cut and polished
with words of wisdom
spoken by our teachers,
and the techniques taught
online and in-class.
We are coached
to be valiant fighters
and skilled archers
who are battle ready
to attack the army of pain.
We are students
of National Academy of Osteopathy,
learning the great art
of manual osteopathy,
eager to serve
the people of Canada
and all the countries
around the world.
We are the past, present
and future students
with flames
of healing power
in our hands.

Written by – Dr. Chris Vincent, MBBS

Is There Any Discount Available to OHA Seminars?

Yes. We are the only Canadian osteopathy college that has been accepted as an affiliate member of Ontario Hospital Association (OHA). As such NAO students with their student ID card are eligible to register for a number of continuing education seminars offered by OHA.
Please visit their website for a list of their seminars. If interested please contact them directly.

Are NAO Graduates Eligible to Apply for BDC Loans?

Yes. Our Canadian DOMP (diploma in osteopathic manual practice) graduates are eligible to apply for up to 50,000 in loan money from Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC) if they are residents of the province their osteopathy clinic is located.
The graduates must be the clinic owner, and be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. The osteopathy clinic must have been in operation for two years or longer. Clinics less than two years old are not eligible to apply. The loan must be repaid within 4 years and the current interest rate is 5.7%. The application process is completely online, eliminating any need for personal visits and meetings.

Why is online education better?

A recent research on hands on skill learning indicates that in the long term online students learn better techniques than those enrolled in a campus based program.
The research done recently in USA compared two sets of students learning a manual skill, one set in a class and another from an online video.
The results indicated that in the same day, after watching the skill being taught online vs live in the classroom, those classroom students learned the skill better. However after one week, the online students performed the skill clearly better than the campus students.
The conclusion the researchers made is that the campus based students learn from an instructor and then rely on memory to perform the skill task every day. While the online students get to watch the instructor everyday and this makes their skill set closer to what the instructor teaches.
So in the short term (the same day) campus based education is better. However in the long term online students perform better techniques.

Why Osteopathic Osteoarticular Techniques are so effective?

Osteopathic spinal osteoarticular techniques are proven through scientific research to cause neurophysiological effects resulting in hypoalgesia (local and/or distal), sympathoexcitation, reduction in spinal stiffness, heterogeneous in location and timing, and improved muscle function.

These techniques also produce increased nociceptive flexion reflex threshold, improved posture, decreased concentration of substance P, and improved sway index.

The evidence for effectiveness of osteopathic osteoarticular techniques suggests involvement of an endogenous pain inhibition system mediated by the central nervous system.

What are the lost techniques of manual osteopathy?

Dr H. R. Spitler was a medical doctor, chiropractor, osteopath and optometrist in Ohio, USA who invented a model of osteopathy techniques about a hundred years ago that dealt with soft tissue as well as osseous manual therapy. As his techniques focused mainly on orthopedic conditions of musculoskeletal system, he fell out of favour with the osteopathy leadership of the time and his techniques were not taught in most osteopathic schools.
We are the only osteopathy school teaching the manual mechanotherapy techniques of Dr. Spitler.
Manual mechanotherapy is now mainly practiced in Ohio by a group of practitioners calling themselves mechanotherpists. The techniques are considered the lost techniques of osteopathy.
Dr. Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DO (from Ohio, USA) has done six lectures on this technique which is now available for our students to watch at our video server.
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What are the Forgotten Osteopathic Techniques?

Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, MD, DO (founder of osteopathy) developed many methods of treatments. In one such method (commonly known as the Still Techniques) the patient is initially moved away from the dysfunctional barrier, then a well-directed focusing force is applied, during which the dysfunctional joint is carried through a path of least resistance into the barrier. The Still technique loosens the ligaments and tendons binding a joint by first moving away from the barrier into relaxation, and then reverses direction to allow the joint to slide back into place while the supporting ligaments and tendons are relaxed. The Still techniques never gained popularity with early osteopaths because easier and quicker osteopathic manual therapy techniques were available to osteopaths. Still techniques, the ground breaking methods of relaxing the soft tissue and then settling the joint were somewhat forgotten until Dr. Richard VanBuskirk, DO published “The Still Technique Manual” in 2000. Now these techniques have regained the popularity they deserve as a number of schools including National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada), National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) and National University of Medical Sciences (USA) have added them to the curriculum of their manual osteopathy diploma and degree programs. Dr Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DO teaches Still Techniques which is uploaded to our video servers for our registered students to watch.
=================

What makes us different?
Our education differs from other schools because we teach our students everything we know about managing their business. They receive over 250 business management lectures by NAO professor, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD. These lectures are the reason why our alumni have annual income of $150,000 which is $60,000 more than other manual osteopaths.
Our students learn a lot about how to run, market and manage their clinics effectively. Our lectures include varied topics such as tax planning, asset protection, marketing, public relations, accounting, investing and financial planning. We strongly believe a successful graduate is a happy graduate and that society as a whole improves with success of our graduates. And this is our way of expanding the profession worldwide. Success attracts others to study manual osteopathy. It is the goal of Dr Pourgol to ensure every town with a population of 100,000 people has access to manual osteopathic care. The profession does wonders in treating chronic pain and every person around the world deserves to have access to this miraculous health care.
A successful graduate spends more, and helps charities more often. This would result in the economy being stimulated once a person has better purchase power. It is a common knowledge that money improves quality of life. Previously there was not much research available to back this up. In the past few years however a number of research projects have shown this to be true. The most recent research published by the Toronto Star, and done by PhD graduate student, Annie Xiaoyu Gong and her team at McGill University indicates that “Higher income increases people’s life satisfaction in general”. The word “money” was a taboo in healthcare.  We changed that! We believe you can be a great health professional while also being financially successful. We graduate successful health professionals and that is what helped us become the number one provider of manual osteopathic education in the world, with alumni in 72 countries. You can study manual osteopathy in many fine schools in Canada but to become a wealthy successful manual osteopath, there is only NAO!
What is the annual gross income of NAO graduates in Canada?

National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) graduates (online as well as on-campus) have annual gross income of $150,000 which is $60,000 more than what other manual osteopaths make in Canada. This is because NAO students receive over 250 business management lectures from Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD . The annual expenses of manual osteopaths is up to 20% so the net income is 80% of the gross income.

How much is the annual income increase of NAO alumni?

A recent survey of our alumni shows that 100% of National Academy of Osteopathy graduates in Canada increased their annual gross income after becoming a manual osteopath.

What are the income sources of NAO alumni?

44.4% of the annual gross income earned by National Academy of Osteopathy graduates in Canada (in 2015) came from private health insurance payments (most extended health plan insurers cover osteopathy services provided by our graduates).
33.3% of our alumni income in 2015 came from patients paying cash and 22.2% came from auto insurance payments for those injured in an MVA (all auto insurers pay for osteopathic care provided by NAO graduates to accident patients).

NAO survey 2015 income sources

What are the differences between a 5 years vs a 1 year osteopathy diploma program?

This is a review posted by registered massage therapist & manual osteopath, Andrew Subieta, RMT, DOMP, DO (Spain) who is an alumnus of National Academy of Osteopathy in Toronto. He has also studied at the first osteopathy school in Ontario, the Canadian College of Osteopathy which offers a 5 years osteopathy program. We have many manual osteopaths from other schools joining us to re-study manual osteopathy. Andrew has written a testimonial comparing the education he received at Canadian College of Osteopathy with the one received at NAO. Please click below to read it.
Http://nationalacademyofosteopathy.blogspot.ca/2016/09/osteopathic-education-5-years-vs-1-year.html

Do you teach osteopathy in all Canadian provinces?

Yes, we do. We have alumni in all Canadian provinces and territories.
Manual osteopathy was introduced to the province of Newfoundland & Labrador (Canada), Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut and Prince Edward Island by our alumni.

Do Canadian extended health plan insurers pay for osteopathic care?

Yes, currently they all do.

Are NAO graduates permitted to bill Canadian private health insurers?

To bill an extended health plan (EHP) insurer in Canada NAO alumni must first join one or more osteopathic associations in Canada, such as Canadian Association of Alternative Medicine and College of Registered Manual Osteopaths that are accepted by most insurers. Membership in these associations would provide billing numbers for NAO graduates which permit them to bill extended health insurers in all Canadian provinces including Alberta, British Columbia, Quebec and Ontario.

Does BCAOMP accept NAO graduates ?

Yes. The British Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (BCAOMP) accepts as members the graduates of Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (D.O.M.P.) program of National Academy of Osteopathy.

What professions originated from osteopathy ?

Chiropractic and naprapathy are two health professions originated from osteopathy. Most manual therapy techniques used by physiotherapists are also osteopathic in origin. Osteopathy is the grandfather of most manual therapy primary health care systems.

Can NAO graduates join NLOA ?

Yes, our graduates are eligible to join the Newfoundland & Labrador Osteopathic & Naprapathic Association which is chaired by Dr Matt Gibbons, DOMP, DO (Spain), a graduate of National Academy of osteopathy (Canada) and National University of Medical Sciences (Spain). Visit http://www.osteopathyassociation.ca/ for more information.

Is osteopathic care available in Bermuda ?

Yes! We made history (again!) by introducing osteopathy to Bermuda. Anyone wishing to receive manual osteopathic care in an exotic beautiful island setting in Bermuda should contact Dr. Thomas Andrew, DOMP, DO at the Reefs, a five star luxury resort in Southampton, Bermuda (https://www.facebook.com/thomaselisseou/about).  Dr Andrew is a graduate of the DOMP program of National Academy of Osteopathy & the DO program of National University of Medical Sciences (Spain). Dr. Andrew represent the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada in Bermuda.

Can NAO graduates join MOA ?

Yes, National Academy of Osteopathy graduates can join the Manitoba Osteopathic Association for membership.

Can RESP's be used to pay for osteopathic education ?

Yes it can. Canadians can use registered education savings plan (RESP) to pay in full for the cost of tuition of the diploma in osteopathic manual practice program of National Academy of Osteopathy.

The Canadian government offers thousands of dollars to help families defray the cost of tuition for their children by allowing them to open a registered education savings plan for each child. And here’s the best part: for every dollar you put into the plan, the government kicks in a little extra for you. Depending on your income, the government portion can rise to as much as 40 cents for every dollar you put in yourself.

Is osteopathy regulated in Ontario or Canada ?

The word “osteopathy” is not regulated in Ontario or any of the other provinces in Canada. The word “osteopath” is regulated in Ontario. That is why National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) graduates are permitted to use the word “osteopathy” in their clinic names or call what they do “osteopathy”. The term “osteopath” is regulated in Ontario, British Columbia and some other provinces but not all.

In the province of Quebec our graduates can call themselves “osteopath”. In provinces where the term “osteopath” is regulated our graduates call themselves manual osteopaths or osteopathic manual practitioners.
Here is a video NAO president, manual osteopath, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD made about osteopathy regulation in Canada:
Online vs On-campus Education: Which one is better?

The answer may surprise you!

Here is a research article by the US Department of Education that indicates online students perform better than on-campus students. “The meta-analysis found that on average, students in online learning conditions performed modestly better than those receiving face-to-face instruction.”

https://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf

Who is Dr Bruno Bordoni?
President of European Osteopathic Association (EOA), Dr Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO, PhD is an Italian physiotherapist and osteopath who is also a member of our executive board of directors. Dr. Bordoni is a graduate of the PhD program in osteopathic clinical sciences of National University of Medical Sciences – USA (http://www.numss.us) which is the first and only school of osteopathic manual practice in the United States.
Dr Bordoni is a world re-known researcher and has published numerous peer reviewed research articles. Here is a recent research paper about effectiveness of manual osteopathy in cardiology. Dr Bordoni the only osteopath of this research. We are so proud of him!

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28109570

Can students shadow practitioners?

Our students who wish to shadow one of our alumni in their private health clinics should contact the alumni directly. We do not arrange this between alumni and students. Sometimes alumni ask us to post a request about their willingness to allow students to observe their practice. This is usually posted in our private alumni FB group. We also email the post to all our students. Here is a recent shadowing opportunity we emailed students today: “National Academy of Osteopathy graduate, Frederic Koomsatira, BSc, CSCS, DOMP (osteopath & a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu champion and coach) has been kind enough to allow our students to shadow him and work on a volunteer basis in his clinic in Montreal (Quebec, Canada). Our interested students who wish to do some volunteer work should contact Frederic directly at fredkoomsatira@gmail.com or 1-514-581-3400. The clinic website is: www.koom.ca. We are grateful to Frederic for helping our students.”

Can osteopathy help with migraines?

Yes, it does. Here is a post we shared a few days ago. MIGRAINE gone after one OSTEOPATHIC treatment What our alumni do seem like a miracle sometimes. We just found out manual osteopath Nicholas Zancai, DOMP a graduate of National Academy of Osteopathy and one of its teacher assistants, treated a patient in Burlington (Ontario, Canada) who was suffering from migraine. Right after first osteopathic session the migraine was completely cured 100%. This patient had seen his family physician, a chiropractor and a number of other health professionals without result. He was referred to Nicholas and got cured in one session. This is the power of osteopathy. We hear cases like this all the time from patients of our alumni. Nicholas receives a lot of referrals from massage therapists, physiotherapists, naturopaths and family physicians because of his ability to treat chronic pain. He is fully booked until June 2017. There is a month long waiting list for patients to make an appointment with him. He charges $110 per hour of osteopathic care. His fee is set to increase to $140 per hour in near future. Thank you Nicholas! You make us so proud!

What is the highest fee charged by an NAO graduate for osteopathic care?
While average NAO graduate charges $100 to $200 per hour of manual osteopathic care, we do have alumni that charge a lot more. We encourage our students to charge as high as they can. Our alumni on average make $150,000 per year which is $60,000 more than other Canadian manual osteopaths because we teach them over 250 business management lectures. These lectures are the reason why we graduate successful wealthy manual osteopaths and why so many other manual osteopaths re-study manual osteopathy with us.
Here are some examples of what selected NAO alumni charge.
NAO graduate in Los Angeles, osteopathic manual practitioner/massage therapist Tanja Seagrave is charging US$300 ($400 Canadian) per hour of manual osteopathic care. Most our alumni in the United States charge over US$200 per hour.
Canadian osteopath & registered massage therapist Dr. Thomas Andrew, RMT, DOMP, DO (Spain), a graduate of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) and National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) charges $300 US (about $400 Canadian) per 90 minutes of Osteopathic care. Dr. Andrew practices at Osteopathy Chronic pain clinics of Canada in Bermuda within the 5 Star Luxury Resort, the reef.
NAO graduate, Dr. Liza Egbogah, DC, DOMP who studied chiropractic before becoming a manual osteopath charges $275 per hour at her Osteopathy Chronic pain Clinics of Canada in Toronto (Ontario), Canada. Dr. Egbogah has been chosen as the #1 manual osteopath in Toronto in 2019 by the Toronto Star Newspaper.
What are the clinical differences between osteopathy & chiropractic?

Our president, Professor Shahin Pourgol has studied osteopathy as well as chiropractic. He has written an article explaining the main differences of these two professions in regards to clinical aspects. Here is the link to the article: http://drpourgol.blogspot.ca/2017/04/clinical-differences-between.html

Do you love osteopathy?

Then you should join the “We Love Osteopathy” group! With 16,750 members this group founded by our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol is the largest osteopathy group in the world.
https://www.facebook.com/groups/weloveosteopathy/
If you are interested in osteopathy related research, then visit the “Osteopathy Related Research & Science” also set up by Dr Pourgol.
https://www.facebook.com/osteopathicresearch/

What percentage of NAO students are high school graduates?

Initially in 2010 when we started teaching manual osteopathy, all our graduates were health professionals. However our goal was always to get high school graduates to enroll as we believed the way to expand osteopathy worldwide is to accept high school graduates. NAO is now the only accredited provider of DOMP education in Canada that accepts high school graduates. We are glad to say that now majority of our graduates (about 56%) are high school graduates and 44% are health professionals.

Why do we have so many successful alumni?

The reason for the success of our alumni is our business management lectures. Dr Pourgol in his business lectures covers a vast array of topics such as advertising, marketing, public relations, asset protection, financial planning, investment, accounting, tax planning, behavioral modification and brain improvement. Here is why our students said about Dr Pourgol’s lectures in the past 12 months:

-Thank you, you are the best teacher in the world!

-One thing I really enjoyed was the business lectures by Dr. Pourgol. I did not have a business background and after following his lectures, I now own a successful business.

-Thank you to the amazing Dr. Pourgol for being such an inspiration in my life.

-Hey Dr. Pourgol; You have truly given me the power and ability to carve out my own path in life. The tools that I have acquired though your guidance has already changed the lives of many!!! I am forever thankful.

– Dr. Pourgol is always encouraging and passionate about his students being successful and shares every bit of knowledge he has to help us succeed.

-Sincerely thank you Dr Pourgol. For everything. My brother is applying for NAO soon. You have created an amazing opportunity for us to improve health care, enrich the lives of others as well as our own.

-Thank you so much Dr Pourgol. Your advise always works. And you are the only teacher in the world who is always available for the students. It’s my pleasure to have you.

-Dr Pourgol – I love your video lectures ! You have a great mix of humour and technical information that really creates enjoyable and effortless learning. Thank you so much.

-Dr. Shahin Pourgol, I’m loving your business lectures. I took management at McGill University and your classes are 10x more interesting. Keep up the good work!

-Thank you, Dr Shahin Pourgol. My naturopathy practice has increase from 4-6 patients a day to 8-10, in the last two and half months.

-Thank you Dr. Pourgol! You are an inspiration to me! Thanks for being the best teacher in the world.

-Dr. Pourgol gives you amazing business lectures on how to set up a business and promote yourself. I cannot believe how much I am learning! I am so thankful every day that I chose NAO.

– the Business classes stand out for me the most since they teach you how to continue your success and build the best practice you can as a manual osteopath beyond graduation.

– His teaching style was the reason I loved the classes so much, they were straight to the point and everything had clear explanations.

-Proud to be one of your students! I couldn’t be happier with my choice to come learn osteopathy at NAO from such passionate and knowledgeable teachers — also very entertaining with many interesting yet informative stories. I truly feel honored.

– My professor, Dr. Pourgol is a man whom I truly admire. He opened National Academy of Osteopathy and expanded manual osteopathy tremendously. Thanks to him, manual osteopathy is being taught in 68 countries!

– Dr. Pourgol- thank you so much for being an amazing teacher and teaching many individuals manual osteopathy. You truly are helping many people around the world.

– Thank you Dr. Wouldn’t have been able to go (to Paris, France) without your business lectures!

– One of the things that I love about the NAO founder, Dr. Shahin Pourgol, is that at various times throughout the year he will allow access to the education portal for alumni, so that we can review and watch the latest additions and updated lectures. Very generous, and without the online side of the school, not possible.

– My president Dr. Pourgol…..you are my great professor! Forever u are my great Osteopathic founder.

-Dr. Pourgol gives you amazing business lectures on how to set up a business and promote yourself. I cannot believe how much I am learning! I am so thankful every day that I chose NAO.

-Dr. Pourgol, I came across a quote today that I would like to share with you: “The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.” William Arthur Ward. You sir, inspire!!

-The business classes were above and beyond what I was expecting. There were many times I said “I wish I knew that before” or “Wow. That makes so much sense.” I even caught my husband hanging around when I was watching my classes and saying quietly “Hmm”, “Okay”, and “Yes”.

-Your help has been immeasurable. I’m so booked I haven’t had time to implement a quarter of your tips from business lectures. Thank you!

-Thank you dr P, for all the inspiration and knowledge you so generously share.

-Thank you so much Dr Shahin Pourgol for giving me the honor to be one of your student.

-I would like to thank Dr Pourgol for his passion. The university’s program would not be the same without his infectious humor and expertise. He evidently loves his job, which makes it so much easier to listen and learn as a student. Thank you.

-I really like my teachers there. Starting with Dr. Pourgol who teaches Mobilizations and Muscle energy techniques, but also business management which made us prepared for business life, marketing , safety and promotion.

-Hi Dr Pourgol, Just wanted to let you know I am enjoying your online classes.

-Thank you very much, Dr. Pourgol, truly. I sincerely appreciate all your advice and your work to give us the best means to improve our odds to succeed in this new path. Your speech at graduation ceremony was very inspiring. As you said, you will always be part of the change in our lives, an important part, let me complete, and I will always be grateful to you for all the knowledge that you have transferred to us but, most of all, for your devotion as a teacher and your engagement to your students to make successful people of us. Words are not enough. Thank you.

-Dr Pourgol: Thank you for creating such a great school. I’m only a month in (dual degree BSc(O)/DO) and am loving the education. Excited to see NUMSS and NAO continue to grow. Keep up the great work!

-Dr. Shahin Pourgol, I just wanted to reach out and tell you how much I appreciate seeing your proud and positive posts as well as all of amazing things that this school has accomplished in such a short period of time.

Shahin PourgolMBA DC DO PhD

Is it possible to get NAO diploma officially translated?

Yes. Graduates of National Academy of Osteopathy who wish to get a certified translation of their diplomas should contact:
Ms. Madonna Antonio
Translation Agency of Ontario
http://taontario.ca
(647) 985-7174
(343) 700-0324
agency@taontario.ca
The cost is $110.74 (Canadian). They provide official certified translation to almost all languages of the world.

What are the differences between Cranial Osteopathy & Craniosacral Therapy?

These are similar yet a bit different systems. Both techniques originated from the works of Dr. William Garner Sutherland, DO, who introduced his cranial concept in 1929. It was originally called osteopathy in the cranial field which later was known as cranial osteopathy.
Craniosacral therapy was formed by Dr John Upledger, an osteopath from Michigan.
The main difference between the two techniques are that cranial osteopathy is taught only to osteopaths & manual osteopaths, while craniosacral therapy is taught to everyone else.
Dr Sutherland had been struck by an idea as a student that the bones of the head were beveled as if to indicate motion. He spent the next 20 years or so trying to prove himself wrong. Through a detailed examination of the anatomy of the skull, followed by a series of experiments on his own head and on his patients, he became convinced that there was a subtle motion of the head which could be palpated with experience; and that distortions of the joints between the bones of the skull would create problems in the machine of the body just as distortions of the joints of the body create problems. His treatments were gentle, almost imperceptible movements aimed at restoring free motion of the skull.
Dr. John Upledger was a practicing Osteopath in Michigan when he attended his first cranial osteopathy course. He began practicing, and researching, the motion of the cranial bones. He later decided to rename his technique Craniosacral therapy and begin to teach it in 1983.

Can manual osteopaths work in hospitals?
We have many students working in hospitals as physiotherapists & physicians. However until now we just had one student who was working as an osteopath in a hospital in UAE. Now we found out another student, Stéphane Laporte, DOMP, DO (a graduate of National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) & National Academy of Osteopathy) has secured a position as an osteopath in Vietnam. We are so proud of him! Our Osteopathy Chronic pain Clinics of Canada (OCPCC) has also opened a clinic within the only private hospital in China.

This is an email sent today to Dr Pourgol by Stephane:
This email is to send you a heartfelt thank you for your guidance in the field of Osteopathy. Thanks to you and your education, I am now working in a major JCI accredited hospital in the physical therapy and rehabilitation department. It’s a great experience, working in a team of therapists. This is of course the very beginning, and I look forward to grow fast in personal development and to apply the lessons from the NAO & NUMSS business lectures.”

Stephane.
Here is a video NAO president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD (who is also founder of Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada) has made in regards to how to find employment within a hospital as a manual osteopath: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y0klS26ruz4&t=48s
What is the Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario?

We have started the process of getting the profession of manual osteopathy regulated in Ontario (Canada). The Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario (CRMOO) has been created to unite the profession as unity is the first and most important of the three requirements of the Ontario government to evaluate a profession for regulatory purposes.

Osteopathy is already regulated in the province of Ontario. In Ontario osteopaths are medical doctors who are members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO). The first time the profession started the process of regulation it failed because the word “osteopathy” was used. This caused opposition by CPSO and confused the Ontario government as “osteopathy” was already regulated. To avoid this concern “Manual Osteopathy” is used instead to separate our profession from osteopathic medicine in Ontario.

The second time profession started the process of regulation it also failed because selected organizations decided to exclusively start the regulatory process without uniting the profession. This has failed because Ontario government requires the profession to be united. This Coalition has been formed with the sole purpose of uniting the profession and representing the profession when dealing with the Ontario government. To this end the Coalition will accept all schools, all associations, and all organizations. It is not mandate of the Coalition to set educational requirements and policies for the profession or evaluate each organization. Educational, ethics and practice guidelines will be decided and developed by an appropriate committee when manual osteopathy regulation is achieved. Until then every organization is accepted.

There will not be any leadership posts in the Coalition. The Coalition will be managed by a committee that includes one representative from each school and organization. This is important as we want all organizations feel they have a voice in managing the Coalition. We understand there may be a few organizations that wish not to join the Coalition. However the majority will join and we believe the ones who do not join initially will join it later once they realize how beneficial regulation is to the profession.

All philosophical and educational differences can and should be set aside for the purpose of becoming united to get the profession regulated. Once manual osteopaths are regulated, they can get together and decide on what requirements they wish to have for osteopathic education. To do this beforehand is troublesome as it causes a divide in the profession and without unity there will not be regulation.

I invite all osteopathic manual practitioners to speak to their alma mater and associations and to encourage them to join this Coalition for the benefit of manual osteopathy.

Get united to become regulated.
God bless.

Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD
President
National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada)
National University of Medical Sciences (Spain)

National University of Medical Sciences (USA)
Osteopathy Chronic pain Clinics of Canada

Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners

How often can you increase your fees for manual osteopathic care?

While majority of manual osteopaths charge $100 to $200 per hour, we are seeing more and more alumni charging higher fees in Canada and abroad as per our request.

We reported before Tanja Seagraves in Los Angeles *(California) charging US$300 ($400n Canadian) per hour for osteopathic care and Canadian Dr. Thomas Andrew (massage therapist/osteopath), an alumnus of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) who practices in Bermuda charging $400 for 90 minutes of osteopathic care. We have now been told that our alumna Dr Liza Egbogah (chiropractor/manual osteopath) is charging $275 per hour in downtown Toronto (Ontario, Canada). Dr Egbogah has been chosen the 31 manual osteopath in Canada by the Toronto star newspaper.
Our alumni are charging more regularly because that is what we teach them to do. At the least you have to increase your fees by teh inflation rate every year or else you start losing money.

In our business lectures we went over how to effectively increase your fees. A small increase in your fees will not deter patients from utilizing your services. However even a small increase have a huge impact on your net profit, as your expenses remain the same. So any increase in service fees translate into profit. You should aim to raise your fees for manual osteopathic care anywhere between 2% to 10% every year.

Can NAO alumni join NSOA?

Yes, our alumni can join the Nova Scotia Osteopathic Association (NSOA) as full members.

Can alumni join the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada?

Yes they can. Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada (https://www.osteopathypainclinic.com) has been founded in September 2017 by our president, Dr Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD. Only Dr. Pourgol’s students can work for OCPCC. Currently OCPCC has 346 clinics in 33 countries. All OCPCC manual osteopaths are osteopathy chronic pain specialists who have studied at NAO. The rapid growth of OCPCC is due to effective care NAO graduated manual osteopaths provide for people suffering from chronic pain.

How can I buy NAO t-shirt and caps?

National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) t-shirts and caps are available for purchase by contacting Tanya at info@MarketingNeeds.ca. Polo T-shirt is available in 100% cotton and performance materials.

How to Choose the Right Osteopathy School in Canada?

Here is a quick guide on what to look for when choosing a school for osteopathic education: http://nationalacademyofosteopathy.blogspot.ca/2018/04/how-to-choose-right-osteopathy-school.html

What kind of diploma will I receive?

We issue a DOMP title. Most insurers in Canada accept the title of DOMP (Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice) as it is a Canadian title used exclusively in Canada. National Academy of Osteopathy is the copyright holder of the DOMP title in Canada, registered with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office on October 09, 2013 (registration # 1108241).

Is NAO affiliated with CRMOO?

The Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario (CRMOO) is in the process of getting the manual osteopathy profession regulated in Ontario. National Academy of Osteopathy has provided $200,000 in funding to CRMOO and is affiliated with it. Dr Shawn Pourgol, president of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) is the founder of the Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario.

How dedicated is NAO to osteopathy?

How dedicated is NAO to osteopathy?

For us at NAO, osteopathy is our life. We live, think, and breath osteopathy. It is because of NAO that manual osteopathy is now expanded to 69 countries around the world. It is because of NAO that we now have a World Osteopathy Day (founded by NAO president Dr Pourgol in 2012) in June 22nd that is set to be recognized by the Ontario parliament as the official World Osteopathy Day. It is because of NAO that Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada has become the main provider of osteopathic care in Canada. It is because of NAO that the Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy is funded with $200,000 to help manual osteopathy become regulated in Ontario. And it is because of NAO that the we now have Osteopathy TV (www.osteopathytv.com) which is in the process of preparing “The Last Resort”, the first documentary on manual osteopathy which is going to be offered free of charge to NetFlix, PBS, and the Documentary Channel to increase public awareness in the role of osteopathy in chronic pain management. This documentary explains how and why manual osteopathy is so effective in treating chronic pain. No other school has done as much for osteopathy as NAO in elevating the profession.

How long is the osteopathic education?

In Canada most Council on Manual Osteopathy Education (CMOE) accredited schools offer education that is similar in total hours of lecture time (about 2000 hours). However most offer it in 3 to 5 years part time (one weekend a month). There is no full time manual osteopathy program in English speaking Canadian provinces that is longer than 1 year. NAO (Canada) offers a 1 year full time, a 2 years part time, and a 5 years part time DOMP program through on-campus in Toronto or online video lecture format across the world.

How many instructors teach in the school?

NAO has about 30 instructors, including more technique instructors than any other schools in Canada. To see the list of NAO instructors click on the link below: http://www.nationalacademyofosteopathy.com/faculty

Does NAO offer clinical internship for online and on-campus students?

NAO offers a teaching clinic in Toronto for its campus based students. Online students have also the option of doing supervised clinical training under NAO alumni in different cities which includes seeing 200 patients, completing 12 clinical rounds, handing in 12 clinical case reports, doing treatments on approved NAO clinicians, getting treatments by approved NAO clinicians, a thesis suitable for publication, and on-site practical and written exams.

Are you planning to work in the United States?

If you wish to practice European style manual osteopathy in the states (our profession is known as osteopathic manual practice in the States) you should choose an osteopathy school that is accredited by the US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education (NAO is accredited by UCOMPE).
The alumni of osteopathy schools accredited by UCOMPE are able to write the board exams administered by the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB). Those who pass the board exams can then apply to the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practice for membership (http://www.osteopathicmanualpractice.org).
Our alumni are permitted to sit for the board exams of AOMPEB and to join AAOMP upon graduation. Most American osteopathic manual practitioners are NAO alumni including all three presidents of American Associations of Osteopathic manual Practitioners, American Osteopathic manual Practice Examining Board and US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education.

What is osteopathic manual practice?

What we teach is hands-on osteopathy, also known as European style osteopathy, manual osteopathy or osteopathic manual practice. These terms are used to distinguish what we teach from the American style osteopathy, also known as osteopathic medicine, which is taught across the states. Osteopathic medicine includes surgery and medications. European style involves only hands-on manual therapy.
In most countries alumni call what they do osteopathy. In the states we request alumni to use osteopathic manual practice as to not confuse the American public who associate osteopathy with osteopathic medicine.
The American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners requires its members to use the term “Osteopathic Manual Practice” instead of “osteopathy”.

Is the school accredited by UCOMPE?

Yes. our school is accredited by the US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education (UCOMPE). This permits our alumni to apply for the AOMPEB board exams and following successful completion of the board and all other requirements to join the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners.

Can alumni write AOMPEB board exams?

Yes. Our alumni are eligible to sit for the board exams administered by the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB).

Can alumni join AAOMP?

Yes. Our alumni who pass the board exams of American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB) and who satisfy all the membership requirement of the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (AAOMP) can join AAOMP.

What associations are founded by NAO alumni?
Our alumni made us the leader in osteopathic education and we are proud of them. They are some of the most distinguished manual osteopaths in the world. Presidents of many osteopathy organizations have studied osteopathy with us including the following:
College of Registered Manual Osteopaths (Canada),
American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,

Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,
American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board,
US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education,

European Osteopathic Association,
Caribbean Osteopathic Association,

Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board,
International Osteopathy Examining Board,
Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences,
British Columbia Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,
College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario,
Nova Scotia Osteopathic Association,
Newfoundland and Labrador Osteopathic Association,
L’Alliance Canadienne de Médecine Alternative,
National Osteopathic Practitioners Association,

Council on Manual Osteopathy Education,
Manitoba Osteopathic Association,
College des osteopathes canadiens,
Iranian Osteopathic Association,
Canadian Association of Alternative Medicine,

African Osteopathic Association,

Osteopathy Association of Asia,
International Osteopathic Association.

Each association has its own membership criteria. Our alumni who satisfy the membership requirements of each association are eligible to join as members.

Can alumni join European Osteopathic Association?

Yes. Alumni can join European Osteopathic Association (EOA) as a full member. Osteopath/physiotherapist, Dr Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO, PhD (from Milan, Italy) is the first president of the European Osteopathic Association (EOA).
Dr Bordoni is one of the most prolific osteopathic researchers in the world who has published numerous osteopathy related research papers and books.
EOA is affiliated with the International Osteopathic Association (IOA) and follows its mandate and policies.
Dr Bordoni is a graduate of the PhD in Osteopathic Clinical Sciences program of the National University of Medical Sciences (USA). He is also a member of the board of governors of our two universities in USA and Spain.

Can alumni join the Society for Osteopathic manual Practitioners of Alberta?

Yes, alumni can join the Society for Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Alberta. NAO graduate, Manual osteopath Tracy Laval, DOMP is the president of SOMPA.
Tracy is also a member of the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada in Calgary, Alberta (clinic #167).

Can Manual Osteopaths Use Physiotherapy Modalities?

Yes. Manual osteopaths who have studies modalities are permitted to use physiotherapy modalities such as ultrasound, laser, electrotherapy, thermotherapy, cryotherapy, magnetic therapy, etc. in most jurisdictions. However they cannot call what they do physiotherapy and they cannot call themselves physiotherapists (unless they are licensed physiotherapists). In some locations however, such as Quebec in Canada and California in US, manual osteopaths are not permitted to use most physiotherapy modalities. Please check the laws of the province, state and the country you plan to practice for exact information. Our DOMP program does not offer any courses on modalities. NAO alumni who wish to lean modalities are encouraged to apply for the doctor of osteopathy (DO) program offered by National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) or the PHD in Osteopathic Clinical Sciences offered by the National University of Medical Sciences (USA), the first school of osteopathic manual practice in the United States. Both universities (founded by NAO president, Dr Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD) includes a course on Osteopathic Auxiliary therapy which teaches students how to use many of the available physiotherapy modalities.

Are the on-site practical technique classes mandatory?

The two weeks of on-site practical technique labs in Toronto (Canada) are mandatory only for our Canadian students. The two weeks of practical training is optional for students based in the United States of America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. Canadian students can either take the two weeks together at the same time, or one after each semester.

How can get bodies to practice osteopathic techniques on?

An easy way to get volunteers to allow you to practice osteopathic techniques is to post a notice on your personal Facebook page as well as Facebook groups of your city, asking for volunteers.
Aside from getting bodies to practice on, a benefit is many of them end up becoming your patients once you graduate and open your own clinic.
Many of our students have done this successfully. They got tons of volunteers while also getting many of them to come back as patients. But please make sure you make it clear that you are not providing manual osteopathic care and treatments. You are just practicing techniques. You are not a manual osteopath yet and as such you cannot provide treatments. You can however practice techniques on others as long as they know they are not receiving treatments.

Is NAO accepted by the Cree Nation?

Osteopathy is a heritage of Indigenous Peoples as it has roots in Cherokee healing arts and bodywork. As such we are happy that so many Indigenous Peoples government offer scholarships to tehir people to study manual osteopathy. Bigstone Cree Nation Education Authority now accepts National Academy of Osteopathy for financial aid. National Academy of Osteopathy has been accepted by the Bigstone Cree Nation Education Authority in Alberta. They have paid scholarships to a Cree Nation person to study at NAO. We are also accepted by the Metis Nation and some other First Nation education authorities in Canada. The Indigenous Peoples now have an association in Canada representing them, the non-profit Indigenous Peoples owned/operated College of Registered Manual Osteopaths.

Who is the first manual osteopath to be chosen as a health minister?
Honorable, professors Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DN, DO (Spain), PhD, one of our top students who is also one of our professors at National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) has been chosen as the Minister of Health for the Southern Cherokee Nation & the Red Fire Nation in the United States. Dr. Nuzum is also the president of American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners.
This is a historic achievement as it is the first time in history that an osteopathic manual practitioner has been chosen as a minister of health. We are proud of our alumni and wish the best for Honorable Dr Nuzum in his new position as the SCNRFN Minister of Health.
Is NAO a nonprofit organization?

We officially received the nonprofit registration documents of National Academy of Osteopathy on August 27, 2019! We are now officially the first osteopathy school in Canada to be registered as a nonprofit school. This means we do not pay the regular federal and provincial corporate tax we used to pay. But it also means that profits from NAO cannot be taken out for personal reasons. All profit generated must remain with NAO.
One of our first project with the extra cash we have now available is to upgrade all aspects of National Academy of Osteopathy. We have already started the projects. Many new books have been ordered for our library. And we got a bunch of new anatomical models for the York University Heights campus of National Academy of Osteopathy in Toronto. Life size skeletons, joints, thorax models for visceral osteopathy and detachable skulls for cranial osteopathy and many others. We are on a shopping spree!

What is the annual income of NAO graduated manual osteopaths?
National Academy of Osteopathy graduates enjoy average gross annual income of $150,000 in Canada, which is $60,000 more than the annual income of other manual osteopaths. Net income before taxes is above 80% of the gross income. Manual osteopaths enjoy a low clinic expenses of up to 20% because they do not need a large clinic or staff to manage their practices. As a result their take home net income is a lot higher than other professions such as chiropractic and physiotherapy that spend up to 50% of the income on clinic expenses.
We graduate successful manual osteopaths because we teach students everything we know about business. NAO students receive 200 business lectures given by Dr Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD as part of their DOMP education. Dr Pourgol is president of NAO and two osteopathy universities in Spain and USA as well as the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada (http://www.osteopathypainclinic.com) which as of September 2020 has 342 clinics in 32 countries.
Dr Pourgol recorded a video that gives more detailed information about income, expenses, and hourly fees of manual osteopaths in Canada. The annual income of American and European manual osteopaths is also similar to the Canadian ones.
What is the MILLION DOLLARS OSTEOPATHY CLINIC CLUB?
A million dollar clinic is a clinic with annual gross income of $500,000 or more. A worth of a clinic is measured at what the clinic makes per year in gross income multiplied by two. So when a clinic makes $500,000 its worth is said to be a million dollars.
There are a number of million dollars osteopathy clinics in Canada and elsewhere, owned by NAO graduates.
For example, NAO student, registered manual osteopath, Ali Haghighi, DOMP, BSc (Ost), DO (EU), RMO who is Chair of the Inquiries, Complaints & Reports of the College of Registered Manual Osteopaths is a new member of the Million Dollars Osteopathy Clinics Club. We are so proud of him!
Mr. Haghighi owns a million dollar osteopathy clinic (one of the top 3 clinics in Holland Landing, North of Newmarket) with 16 health professionals working there (all 4 registered manual osteopaths in this clinic are NAO graduates).
After COVID-19 many manual osteopaths saw an increase in patient bookings. Dr Haghighi had to hire 3 National Academy of Osteopathy graduates last month to handle all the patients seeking manual osteopathic care.
Dr Haghighi studied osteopathy at another school in Ontario before joining National Academy of Osteopathy, graduating in 2017.
Our students are financially successful because we teach them all we know about business in over 200 business lectures they receive, given by Dr Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD. We get many students like Mr. Haghighi who study osteopathy elsewhere before deciding to join us. There are many fine schools of osteopathy but to become a wealthy manual osteopath there is only NAO!
How much NAO graduates charge for an hour of osteopathic services?
The 2020 survey of National Academy of Osteopathy graduates shows that the majority are charging $100 to $200 per hour in Canada. Five years ago the average was $80 to $140 similar to other manual osteopaths. We are so happy to see the average has risen up so much in the past 5 years. NAO alumni are now charging a lot more than what other manual osteopaths charge in Canada. NAO alumni are chronic pain specialists. They see last resort cases others cannot help. As such they are in high demand and it is reasonable for them to charge higher than other manual osteopaths for their services.
Do manual osteopaths in Canada charge HST/GST?
Yes, as per Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) requirements, manual osteopaths in Canada must charge HST/GST. The rate they charge differs in each province. In Ontario they must charge HST (which is 13%) and in some other province such as British Columbia, GST is charged.