Academic Program

NAO’s academic programs in osteopathy is comprehensive and rigorous in training that leads to a Diploma in Manual Osteopathic Practice (DO(MP))


NAO has classes in major cities of Canada, China, Iran & Taiwan

Career Prospects

Are you looking for a profession that is patient centred, hands-on, and rewarding

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Osteopathy?

Osteopathy (founded in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still in USA) is an established internationally recognized manual medicine system of analysis and treatment, which lays its main emphasis on the structural and functional integrity of the musculoskeletal system.

Manual osteopaths use a variety of hands-on physical treatments. These include soft tissue techniques, osteo- articular joint mobilization, cranial osteopathy (osteopathy in the cranial field), visceral manipulation, strain/ counterstrain technique, lymphatic drainage, spinal manipulation, muscle energy techniques, myofascial release technique, trigger point therapy, etc. These techniques are normally employed together with exercise, dietary, and occupational advice in an attempt to help patients recover from pain, disease and injury.

European style Osteopaths do not prescribe medications or perform surgery, while American style osteopaths perform surgery and prescribe medications as well as using osteopathic techniques in managing a patient’s condition.

National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO) teaches European style osteopathy; also known as pure osteopathy; manual osteopathy, traditional osteopathy or osteopathic manual practice.

What is the Minimum Academic Admission Requirement?

Any student with a grade 12 high school diploma or its equivalent may apply for admission to the osteopathic manual practice program offered by National Academy of Osteopathy. The diploma in osteopathic manual practice program is one year full time or two years part time in length for high school graduates or any other student without prior health education. The program length for students with prior health education is 6 months full time or 12 months part time.

How Long is the DO(MP) Program?

The Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (DOMP) offered by the National Academy of Osteopathy(NAO)may be taken as a full time or part time program. For high school graduates and other students who do not have any previous health education the DOMP program is one year full time or two years part time. For students who have previous health education (such as massage therapists, medical doctors, physiotherapists, kinesiologists, acupuncturists, athletic therapists, etc) the program is six months full time or 12 months part time. This is the first and only condensed six months full time accredited manual osteopathy program in Canada for health professionals.

How Much is the Tuition for DOMP Program?

Please visit teh following link to check tuition prices http://www.nationalacademyofosteopathy.com/fees .

Is There a Tuition Discount For Health Practitioners?

Please visit teh following link to check Discount For Health Practitioners http://www.nationalacademyofosteopathy.com/fees.

When Does the DOMP Program Start?

The full time & part time DOMP programs of NAO start twice a year; in the first week of September and March of each year.

Is Financial Help Available?

Aboriginal students in Canada may be eligible for scholarships from their government including the Métis Nation of Ontario. Students can also get installment Plans to pay their fee, Please contact Registrar Office at Admissions Office admissions@nationalacademyofosteopathy.com for more information .

What Diploma Offered Upon Graduation?

Upon gradations students receive the following designation: Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice. The academic designation you may use in front of your name is DOMP.

What Employment Opportunities Exist For Osteopaths?

Upon graduation; osteopathic manual practitioners have the option of opening their own osteopathy clinics; or to rent rooms in established medical, health or rehab clinics and benefit from cross referrals; or to work as employees in other osteopathic, medical, chiropractic, physiotherapy, massage or rehab clinics.

Most osteopaths work in private clinics, often as sole proprietor, associate or employee. However, the increase in multidisciplinary health care facilities and physical rehabilitation clinics in Canada has opened new opportunities for osteopathic manual practitioners to collaborate with other health care professionals (such as family physicians, chiropractors, registered massage therapists, naturopaths, athletic therapists, kinesiologists, podiatrists, chiropodists, occupational therapists, ergonomists, and physiotherapists) and benefit patients with interprofessional care. A small numbers of osteopaths also work in hospitals, nursing homes, health spas, sports teams, insurance companies claims services department, fitness clubs, osteopathic colleges, motor vehicle accident (MVA) assessment centres and other institutions.

Most new graduates start their professional work as employees. Later they establish their own private clinics.

What is Average Salary of Manual Osteopaths?

The average salary for a new manual osteopathy graduate who works as an employee in a health or rehab clinic is generally between $30 to $40 per hour in Europe, Australia, Caribbean and North America and $10 to $20 in Asia, Latin America and Africa. An ‘average’ European style manual osteopath can earn up to $90,000 or more per year in Europe, Australia, Caribbean & North America. There is virtually no unemployment in this field.

Manual osteopaths in private practice generally charge between $90 to $140 per hour of treatment in Europe, North America, Australia & Caribbean and $20 to $60 per hour in Asia, Latin America & Africa.

Manual osteopathy treatment provided by National Academy of Osteopathy graduates are covered by many of insurers in Canada.

For patients injured in a motor vehicle related accident in Ontario (Canada) all auto insurers cover osteopathic treatments performed by NAO graduates at the rate of $53.66 per hour as per fee guideline set by Financial Services Commission of Ontario.

Is NAO registered with MTCU as per Private Career Colleges Act, 2005?

Private Career Colleges Act, 2005 regulates most private colleges in Ontario. There are a few educational health programs however; under NOC sections 3123 and 3232 such as osteopathy, podiatry, and chiropody that are exempted from being registered under this act. These exempted health educational programs must be registered under different government agencies. NAO is registered and licensed by Ontario Ministry of Government Services to operate in the Province of Ontario (license # 200607893) and it is also registered federally by Industry Canada (reg # 757053-8).

What is Osteopathy Unemployment Rate?

There is virtually no unemployment in this health care profession. Almost all osteopathic manual practitioner find employment.

How Many Osteopaths Practice in North America?

There are approximately 1500 osteopathic manual practitioners (OMP) in Canada, 500 OMPs in the USA and 67,000 osteopathic physicians in the USA. Nearly half of them are women.

What Countries Offer Osteopathy Education?

There are currently eight osteopathic colleges in Canada that offer a World Health Organization (WHO) compliant osteopathic education approved by the Council on Manual Osteopathy Education and accepted by the College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario, all teaching European style osteopathy (no surgery, no medications, only hands-on work), and 28 colleges in the USA, teaching American style osteopathy (which includes surgery and prescribing medications).
National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO) is the only college offering a condensed four months full time osteopathy program for health practitioners. Students without prior health education complete the DOMP program in 8 months.

There are also osteopathic colleges & universities in Argentina, Australia, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Germany, Russia, England, Spain, Israel, Italy, New Zealand, and France.

NAO teaches manual osteopathy in 65 cities across 35 countries including Canada (Toronto, Vancouver, Ottawa, London), USA (Atlanta, Boston, Palm Beach, New York, Broward, Phoenix, Victorville), China (Shenyang, Hong Kong), Iran (Tehran North, Tehran West, Kerman, Shiraz, Isfahan), Taiwan (Taipei), Mexico (Mexico City), Botswana (Gaborone), Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo), Brazil (Sao Paulo), Spain (Madrid), Italy (Rome), France (Paris), Greece (Athens), Turkey (Istanbul), Japan (Tokyo), South Korea (Seoul), Germany (Frankfort), Netherlands (Amsterdam), Portugal (Lisbon), South Africa (Cape Town, Soweto), , Nigeria (Lagos, Abuja), Swaziland (Mbabane), United States Virgin Islands (Charlotte Amalie), Jamaica (Kingston), Barbados (Bridgetown), Bahamas (Nassau), Ghana (Accra, Kumasi), Trinidad & Tobago (Port of Spain), Turk & Cacaos (Grand Turk), and Venezuela (Caracas, Maracaibo. This list is expanding.

Is Tuition Tax Deductable?

Yes. NAO Tuition is a tax-deductable expense if you own a business. Students receive a receipt for tuition paid. The cost of books and supplies are also tax deductable. Those students who do not own a business are recommended to register a business so they could use these expenses for tax reduction. In any case students must register a business if they plan to practice as manual osteopaths. We will teach you the best way to register your business to reduce your taxes while protecting your assets.


Is 12 months Enough to Learn Manual Osteopathy?

The total hours of study at National Academy of Osteopathy surpasses the teaching hours of most other manual osteopathic colleges. Most colleges offer 3 year part time programs at one weekend a month. As such NAO students spend more time learning techniques compared to many other osteopathic colleges.

The minimum required teaching hours set by the International Osteopathic association for a diploma program in manual osteopathy is 2000 hours and the NAO program exceeds the guidelines established by IOA. There are colleges in Europe offering osteopathy in a 3 to 4 year full time osteopathy program. These colleges teach comprehensive diagnosis courses.

Rendering a diagnosis is a controlled act in many countries; such as Canada & USA. In these countries only medical doctors, chiropractors and physiotherapists are permitted to render a medical diagnosis. As such National Academy of Osteopathy does not teach medical diagnosis. NAO students learn only osteopathic diagnosis.

This is what one of the full time students of NAO said about the program: “Dear Dr. Pourgol; In July 2010 when you told me about osteopathy I was interested in it but the thing that was always in my mind was:

“Is it possible for me with no background in Health to start this program?”

You told me that you are creating a program that anyone with no background in Health can study and learn manual osteopathy and be successful in it. Still In February 2011 when I started osteopathy I was not sure about it but I did it because I trusted you.

Now after a month that I am in the osteopathy Program I am Sure that with your method of teaching the manual practice of osteopathy and the passion you have for teaching and also the curriculum you gather for other subjects in this program (anatomy, pathology,…) IT IS possible to become a successful manual osteopath ONLY in so few months.

I just want to thank you for creating this opportunity.”

What is the Online On-Demand Manual Osteopathy program offered at NAO?

For national and international students (including those in Toronto) who are unable to attend the campus based program; we offer an online on-demand manual osteopathy program through a combination of online teaching video sessions through the internet, complete lectures on hard disk drive (mailed to student at the start of program), and optional on-site classroom osteopathy technique labs. National & International graduates of online distance education manual osteopathy program receive a Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (DOMP) upon graduation.

National Academy of Osteopathy - School - Class - Interactive Manual Osteopathy

What is the Difference Between a Manual Osteopath and a Chiropractor?

Chiropractors and manual osteopaths are both health professionals who treat patients with a focus on the musculoskeletal system, including the spine, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Historically there is a political answer relating to the founder of osteopathy, Dr Andrew Taylor Still, falling out with his student, Dr. D.D. Palmer, who then went on to be the founder of chiropractic.

The principle working difference is that osteopaths tend to use more rhythmical and gentler techniques while chiropractors use more often stronger, high velocity, low amplitude manipulative techniques. Chiropractors may also employ modalities such as ultrasound and various electrotherapies for pain relief while osteopaths generally rely on hands-on manual techniques to relieve pain.

Essentially, both offer valuable and useful services, and each can be included in a holistic healthcare regimen. There are now many multidisciplinary clinics offering osteopathy, chiropractic, physiotherapy and registered massage therapy services. This seems to be the new growing trend in Canada, USA and Europe, specially for patients injured in motor vehicle accidents.

Since chiropractors are able to render a diagnosis their education is more detailed and it takes 4 years of full time studies plus 3 years of university education 9total of 7 years) leading to a doctor of chiropractic (DC) degree.

Financially the salary range and annual income levels of doctors of chiropractic ($30 to $50 per hour) and manual osteopaths ($30 to $40 per hour) are similar (approximately $90,000 per year) as insurers and patient pay same amounts for both treatments (except for motor vehicle accident cases; where FSCO guidelines in Ontario enforces insurers to pay $104 per hour of treatment performed by chiropractors compared to $53.66 paid to manual osteopaths for each hour of MVA treatment).

Are NAO graduates eligible to write board exams?

Yes. All national and international NAO graduates are eligible to apply and register for examinations administered by Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board, International Osteopathy Examining Board, & College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario.

Following successful passing of the board exams you may apply for membership to the International Osteopathic Association and / or College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario to receive a license number that enables you to open your own clinic and work as a manual osteopath in Ontario and all other Canadian provinces as well as all other countries worldwide. With a license number from IOA and / or COMPO you may bill many of insurers that cover osteopathic treatments.

Is NAO accepted by International Osteopathic Association (IOA)?

Yes. NAO is accepted as being a fully accredited manual osteopathy educational centre by International Osteopathic Association (www.internationalosteopathicassociation.org). NAO graduates are permitted to apply for IOA membership and to receive certificates of registrations.

Where is NAO campus?

Both the full time and part time class based manual osteopathy programs of National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO) are offered at the campus in Toronto (York University Heights 375 Canarctic drive Unit 21-22 Toronto, Ontario Canada M3J 2P9).

The practical technique classroom part of interactive manual osteopathy program offered internationally by NAO is held at the board rooms of selected hotels in each city. For the list of hotels please see the “Contact US” section.

Is NAO the Only Osteopathy College Offering DOMP?

No. Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice – DOMP is offered by a number of osteopathic schools in Canada. DOMP is a Canadian designation and title copyrighted by Dr Shawn Pourgol, president of NAO.

Does NAO Offer Accelerated Program for Health Professionals?

For health professionals who wish to enter the rewarding health care profession of manual osteopathy; National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO) offers the Accelerated Manual Osteopathy Program for Health Practitioners…Click here for more information

Is Manual Osteopathy Treatments Covered by Insurers?

In certain countries (such as Canada, Australia & most European countries) manual osteopathic treatments are covered by most insurance providers.

In Canada more than 90% of insurers cover osteopathic treatments. And of these 95% cover osteopathic treatments offered by National Academy of Osteopathy graduates who have joined the Ontario Osteopathic & Alternative Medicine Association, College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario, Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine or other associations.

Is the DOMP Diploma Offered by NAO Accepted by Insurers?

Out of many insurers that cover osteopathic treatments; Many accept the DOMP diploma offered by National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO has the copyright to the DOMP title). However even though insurers accept the DOMP title issued by NAO, to receive reimbursement by insurers, an NAO graduate must apply for membership to an association that accepts NAO graduates; such as the Ontario Osteopathic & Alternative Medicine Association, Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine, or College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario and that issue a license number that may be used to bill insurers for manual osteopathic treatments rendered.

Can International Students Write Canadian Board Exams?

Yes. They should, if they plan to immigrate and work in Canada.

Is NAO the Only Osteopathy College Offering DOMP?

No. Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice – DOMP is offered by a number of osteopathic schools in Canada. DOMP is a Canadian designation and title copyrighted by Dr Shahin Pourgol, president of NAO.

Is DOMP a Recognized Title?

Yes. After DO (Doctor of Osteopathy); DOMP: Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice is the most recognized title. It is accepted by most insurers and government agencies as being a valid diploma. DOMP is a title used only by the Canadian colleges of manual osteopathy. It is copyrighted by NAO president; Dr Shahin Pourgol, MBA, DC, DOMP, DO.

Is There a Waiting List for NAO Campus Based Program?

Yes. Due to limited space the campus based program is in high demand and there is a waiting list to get into the campus based program.

Is NAO Program Shorter Than Other Osteopathy Colleges?

No. While it may seem that NAO program (12 months full time or 24 months part time) is shorter than other colleges; in reality the total hours is more than most osteopathic colleges in Canada and internationally who offer a diploma program in manual osteopathy. Even though most osteopathic colleges have programs ranging from 3 years to 5 years; they are offered mostly on part time basis, one weekend a month, six months per year, or 13 weekends (modules) in 3 years. Their total teaching hours are generally less than NAO’s. In the case of an Ontario college that teaches manual osteopathy in 3 years, the total teaching days are 36 days as it offers 13 modules in 3 years, each module covering two days of lectures.

In England and Australia the osteopathy program is offered 4 years full time. But they are advanced programs. They teach medical diagnosis. NAO does not teach medical diagnosis as it is a controlled act in Canada and only medical doctors, physiotherapists and chiropractors are permitted to render a diagnosis. Instead our students learn osteopathic diagnosis.

What Osteopathic Techniques Are Taught at NAO?

National Academy of Osteopathy teaches more techniques than any other osteopathy college in Canada. We teach only scientific techniques for all joints including lumbar, thoracic, cervical, temporomandibular joint, shoulder, scapula, elbow, wrist, hand, sacrum, hip, knee, ankle and foot.

Some of the techniques include osteo-articular joint mobilization, palpation & osteopathic assessment, muscle energy techniques & proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, soft tissue therapy, myofascial release technique, trigger point therapy, therapeutic exercise, cranial osteopathy (osteopathy in the cranial field), visceral manipulation, strain / counterstrain technique, etc.

What Makes NAO the Best Osteopathy College in the World?

The short answer is: Our professors including Dr Shahin Pourgol. World famous osteopath & distinguished author.

What Makes NAO Different From Other Osteopathic Colleges?

1) National Academy of Osteopathy teaches more scientific osteopathy techniques than any other manual osteopathic college.

2) NAO is the only osteopathic college focused on graduating successful manual osteopaths. NAO graduates receive full education on marketing, business management, financial planning, tax strategies, asset protection, wealth creation, public relations, advertising, estate planning, etc.

3) NAO teaches students how to create a niche market and be known as an expert in that market. We teach students about geriatrics osteopathy, osteopathic MVA rehab, slip & falls management, multidisciplinary accident care, sports osteopathy, paediatric osteopathy, independent disability evaluation, TMJ pain management, orthopaedic supports, orthotic footwear, compression support hose, functional abilities evaluation, ergonomic assessment, job site analysis, decompression traction therapy, auxiliary osteopathy, work hardening, & work conditioning, amongst other topics. NAO is the only osteopathic school teaching these topics.

4) Professor Pourgol’s lecture series on “Setting Up a Million Dollar Practice” and “Improving Your Brain & Achieving Your Goals by Manipulating Reticular Activating System & Psychocybernetics Mechanism” are available only to NAO students.

5) We prepare our students academically for the board exams and offer free tutorials.

6) NAO is the only manual osteopathic college in Canada accepted by Medical Financial as an accredited health education facility.

7) NAO offers World Health Organization (WHO) compliant osteopathic education.

8) NAO is the largest provider of osteopathic education in the world. It teaches in 70 cities across 45 countries and is the main reason manual osteopathy has expanded greatly internationally in the past few years.

9) NAO is the only osteopathic college in Canada that has been accepted as an affiliate member of Ontario Hospital Association.

10) NAO is accepted by the WorkBC program of the Canadian government. Eligible unemployed people in British Columbia, Canada may receive full scholarship from the Canadian government to study manual osteopathy at NAO.

11) NAO graduates may join the charity based not-for-profit organization, Osteopathy Health Clinics (www.osteopathyhealthclinics.com), free of charge. OHC is founded by NAO president Dr Shahin Pourgol in 2014.

12) World Osteopathy Day (June 22nd) was founded by NAO president, Dr Shahin Pourgol. Every year NAO hands our many scholarships to celebrate this day.

What is the Difference Between the DO and DOMP programs?
What is World Osteopathy Day?

As a result of tireless work of Dr Shahin Pourgol for suggesting a World Osteopathy Day and collaboration between National Academy of Osteopathy, International Osteopathic Association, Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board, and a number of other organizations, manual osteopaths, and osteopathy students, we are pleased to announce that June 22nd has been chosen and named “World Osteopathy Day”.

For over 130 years osteopathy has done so much to help human beings have a better quality of life and it deserve a day of its own as recognition of its contribution to human society worldwide.

At 10AM on June 22, 1874 in Baldwin, Kansas (USA), the 46 years old Dr Andrew Taylor Still founded osteopathy. Dr Shahin Pourgol recommended this day in oppose to Dr Still’s date of birth (August 06, 1828) as the World Osteopathy Day and his suggestion was accepted by the majority.

Dr Pourgol is bringing a private member bill to the Canadian parliament to request the government of Canada officially recognize June 22ndas the World Osteopathy Day.

International Osteopathic Association has committed to do the same with parliaments of a number of other countries in Europe, Latin America, Asia and Africa.

Is osteopathy treatments covered by insurers for MVA patients?

In certain countries (such as Canada, Australia & most European countries) osteopathic treatments provided to patients who suffered injuries in a motor vehicle accident are covered by all insurance providers including State Farm, Allstate, Aviva, Belair, Certas, RBC, Royal, TD, Dominion, Cooperators, Chubb, Pilot, & Perth. For example in the province of Ontario in Canada all insurers as per Financial Services Commission of Ontario (FSCO) must cover osteopathic treatments at a rate of $57.67 per hour for non-catastrophic injuries and at a rate of $88.28 for catastrophic injuries.

Can manual osteopathy be learned online?

Yes. There is no difference between online and campus based education. In some ways the online education is even superior to the campus based because students have the ability to pause the lectures and watch any techniques over and over again. National Academy of Osteopathy has been teaching manual osteopathy in 32 countries and countless successful manual osteopaths are practicing around the world who studied manual osteopathy through an online course. The professions of osteopathy, chiropractic, massage therapy, physiotherapy and even medicine and dentistry have offered at one time or another correspondence courses. With the technology NAO uses students feel they are sitting in a classroom watching the lectures. They have also the ability to email NAO at any time and ask any academic questions they may have.
With the advancement in communication technology online education is improving rapidly. Time has shown that many of health related programs can indeed be taught online. Here are some examples:

  • Since 2003; many universities in the USA have been offering transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy (tDPT) through 100% online education. The tDPT is available only to physiotherapists as a post professional degree. However the older generation of physiotherapists did not study diagnostic imaging, medical diagnosis or manual therapy. And the tDPT program teaches these subjects. So it is possible to learn diagnosis, radiology and manual therapy through online programs.
  • Since 2010; National Academy of Osteopathy has been offering online osteopathic education. NAO teaches in 65 cities and as such has graduates many manual osteopaths. These osteopaths are working now in Europe, Asia, Africa and America treating many patients. Since 2010, there has not been even one reported complaint against any of the NAO graduates. This is a clear indication of the safety and efficacy of online osteopathic education.
  • Since a decade ago; the University of Western Ontario has been offering a Diploma in Pedorthics program. The program has 6 courses which are online. These courses includes assessments and pedorthic examinations. The university has graduated many students and they are currently working as certified pedorthists in Canada. This shows that pedorthic education can be learned online.
  • A United Kingdom university is offering a 100% online specialty program in orthopedic surgery to medical doctors since the past few years.
  • Many universities in the USA are offering online master’s degrees in nursing since the past decade.
  • A college in Alberta, Canada is offering a diploma program in massage through online education.
  • Many colleges and universities in USA and elsewhere offer naturopathy diplomas and degrees through online format.
  • A school in USA has just started teaching needle-less acupuncture online.
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine is offered online through many schools.
  • Clinical nutrition is offered by hundreds of universities and colleges worldwide.
  • Kinesiology & human kinetics is offered through online education by a number of schools.
  • Degrees in clinical psychology is offered by many universities.
How does osteopathic treatment help patients with low back pain?

There are a few known mechanism affecting individuals who receive osteopathic treatment for low back pain.

First mechanism: Osteopathic spinal manipulation increases joint mobility by producing a barrage of impulses in muscle spindle afferents and smaller-diameter afferents ultimately silencing facilitated ? (gamma) motoneurons as proposed by Korr. This theory is supported by several recent studies by the Pickar lab and by findings that low back pain patients have altered proprioceptive input from muscle spindles. Recent work has also shown that that spinal manipulation modifies the discharge of Group I and II afferents. This has been accomplished by recording single-unit activity in muscle spindle and Golgi tendon organ afferents in an animal model during manipulation.

A second mechanism is that osteopathic spinal manipulation, by mechanically opening the intravertebral foramina (IVF), decreases pressure on the dorsal roots. Substantial evidence shows that the dorsal nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia are susceptible to the effects of mechanical compression. Compressive loads as low as 10 mg applied to dorsal roots increase the discharge of Group I, II, III and IV afferents. This compression can also alter non–impulse-based mechanisms (eg, axoplasmic transport) and cause edema and hemorrhage in the dorsal root. Spinal manipulation mechanically decreases the pressure in the IVF by gapping the facet joints and opening the IVF. For instance, the synovial space of the lumbar facet joints increases by about 0.7 mm in individuals receiving manipulation. This doesn’t seem like much, but as with any therapy there is usually a course of care involved. Even in moderate stenosis patients treated by osteopaths typically see significant pain reduction following a period of 1-2 weeks of treatment.

A third mechanism is based on findings that persistent alterations in normal sensory input resulting from an injury can increases the excitability of neuronal circuits in the spinal cord. Osteopathic spinal manipulation works by applying non-noxious mechanical inputs to these circuits. This involves mechanisms similar to the pain-gate theory proposed by Melzack and Wall wherein activation of A-a and A-ß fibers can reduce chronic pain and increase pain threshold levels. This is supported by studies where spinal manipulation of the lumbar region decreases central pain processing as measured via pin-prick tests. Additional studies have shown a reduction in central pain sensitivity after spinal manipulation using graded pressure and noxious cutaneous electrical stimulation.

A fourth mechanism involves ß-endorphin mechanisms. Studies have shown increases in beta-endorphin levels after spinal manipulation but not after control interventions.

Fifth mechanism: Substantial evidence also shows that spinal manipulation activates paraspinal muscle reflexes and alters motoneuron excitability. These effects are still being studied and appear to differ depending on whether performed on patients in pain or pain-free subjects.

A sixth mechanism involves inhibition of somatosomatic reflexes by alterations in muscle spindle input produced by osteopathic spinal manipulation. It is thought that spinal manipulation may normalize spindle biomechanics and improve muscle spindle discharge.

Lastly, in humans, osteopathic manual treatment can decrease heart rate and blood pressure while increasing vagal afferent activity as measured by heart-rate variability. Manual therapies in rats have been shown to produce an inhibitory effect on the cardiovascular excitatory response and reduce both blood pressure and heart rate. Manual therapies such as osteopathic soft tissue therapy have been shown to impact behavioral manifestations associated with chronic activation of the HPA axis such as anxiety and depression, while decreasing plasma, urinary, and salivary cortisol and urinary corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI). Manual stimulation in rats has been shown to significantly increase glucocorticoid receptor gene expression which enhanced negative feedback inhibition of HPA activity and reduced post-stress secretion of ACTH and glucocorticoid.

Osteopathic Education: 4 Months or 4 Years?

We are often asked a question in regards to the length of osteopathic education, as it differs widely, from 4 months to 9 years. This confuses many individuals, so here we try to explain the differences between the different types of education offered by European style osteopathic colleges.

In this article we will discuss only the osteopathic education of the European style osteopathy (also known as manual osteopathy or osteopathic manual practice). The American style osteopathy is similar to medical education in that it takes 3 years of university, followed by 4 years of osteopathic medical college and 2 years of residency, making it a total of 9 years. The American style osteopaths (also known as osteopathic physicians) can perform surgery and prescribe medications. This is available only in the USA.

Manual osteopathy is taught in diploma or degree formats.

The osteopathic colleges that offer diploma programs either issue a DOMP (Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice, a DO (Diploma in Osteopathy, not be confused with the Doctor of Osteopathy), a DMO (Diploma in Manual Osteopathy) and so on, ranging from 4 months full time to 5 years part time.

The osteopathic universities offering degree programs either issue a DO (Doctor of Osteopathy), BSc (Bachelor of Science in Osteopathy), MSc (Master of Science in Osteopathy), and so on, ranging from 3 to 6 years full time.

The diploma programs are generally offered in USA & Canada. In the diploma programs of osteopathy, medical diagnosis is not taught. Spinal and joint manipulations are also not taught as these two are controlled acts in Canada and USA. Manual osteopaths in Canada and USA are not permitted to render a medical diagnosis nor may they do manipulation. They can use hundreds of other osteopathic techniques though such as mobilization, muscle energy techniques, soft tissue therapy, etc.

As a result the diploma program in manual osteopathy is a lot shorter in time than the degree programs. The diploma programs generally include 800 to 2000 hours of lectures.

The World Health Organization (WHO) report on osteopathic education recommends a total number of 1000 hours of osteopathic education for students with previous health education, and 4200 hours of education for students without previous health education. National Academy of Osteopathy offers a diploma in osteopathic manual practice that fits in this category. It takes 4 months of condensed education for students with prior health education to complete the DOMP program of NAO.

NAO graduates with a DOMP degree can work in all countries of the world as osteopaths. However in USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, & United Kingdom they must work as osteopathic manual practitioners, as the term osteopath is either reserved for osteopathic physicians (in USA & Canada) or is used by those with a degree program in osteopathy (in Australia, New Zealand & UK).

World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that osteopathic schools give advance credits to students who are health practitioners and recommends 1000 hours of study for them.

It is important to note that manual osteopaths with either a diploma or a degree program can work in all countries, without exception. All they need is to pass the board exams of the International Osteopathy Examining Board and then become a member of the International Osteopathic Association. They will receive a license number which allows them to obtain malpractice insurance, and then either work in a clinic or to open their own clinics.

It is understandable that a number of osteopaths with degrees, such as the ones in Italy, who have studied 9 years to become an osteopath (after paying up to $90,000 in tuition) feel bitter and resentful towards the new osteopaths with a diploma who in 4 months are able to work as osteopaths in Italy and elsewhere.

Thousands of manual osteopaths with a DOMP diploma have been practicing more than 30 years in Canada & USA and are offering excellent osteopathic care. Knowledge of medical diagnosis is not necessary to practice manual osteopathy. Massage therapists for decades have been providing great services to patients without ever being able to medically diagnose a patient. The practice of manual osteopathy is actually quite safe when medical diagnosis is removed as the manual osteopath can just focus on treatment.

In summary, the diploma in osteopathic manual practice is for those students who want to graduate quickly, pay less tuition, and have a more relaxing osteopathic practice. The degree programs in osteopathy is for those students who wish to become doctors, who wish to have advanced knowledge of the body and deep mastery of the osteopathic techniques. For this they have to pay more tuition & spend more time studying.

Both the diploma and degree programs are great ways to serve patients. They are just two sides of the same coin, each with different type of benefit for the osteopathic practitioner. National Academy of Osteopathy & National University of Medical Sciences offer diploma and degree programs that can be taken online or in-campus. With our diplomas or degree we guarantee that you can practice in any country of the world.

To see the difference between scope of practice of diploma and degree programs in osteopathy please click on the link below:

Click here

What Organizations Have Accredited NAO?

We are a fully accredited osteopathic school and our students have access to membership in many organizations in their fields. Some of the organizations that approve NAO include:

  1. International Osteopathic Association (IOA)
  2. College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario (COMPO)
  3. Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board (CMOEB)
  4. Ontario Osteopathic ^ Alternative Medicine Association
  5. Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine
  6. Alberta College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (ACORS)
  7. International Osteopathy Examining Board (IOEB)
  8. Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (OCORS)
  9. Council on Manual Osteopathy Education (CMOE)
  10. British Columbia College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (BCCORS)
I am a licensed health practitioner. Can I use my osteopathic education towards my Continuing Education (CE) requirements of my regulatory board?

Yes. Most regulatory boards for chiropractors, physiotherapists, massage therapists, naturopaths, acupuncturists, occupational therapists, kinesiologists, athletic therapists & trainers, homeopaths, & medical doctors accept the time you spent studying in our programs towards your CE requirement. Most regulatory boards require 20 to 40 hours of CE in a year or two, and our programs cover this requirement as all our programs are over 40 hours.

Could osteopaths bill insurers for two types of treatments?

Yes but it depends on the type of patient’s coverage, EHP or MVA.

In most cases you cannot bill extended health plan (EHP) insurers for osteopathy and another type of treatment (chiropractic, physiotherapy, massage therapy, naturopathy, athletic therapy, acupuncture, etc) on the same day. Most EHP insurers accept only one type of treatment from one health practitioner. Your clinic can bill for osteopathy and massage therapy for example on the same day if the treatments are performed by two health practitioners. But if the health practitioner is a massage therapist/osteopath then in one day massage therapy must be billed and another day osteopathy.

This does not apply to motor vehicle accident (MVA) patients. For MVA patients health practitioners can charge the insurers for more than one type of therapy. For example on the same visit an insurer can be billed for osteopathic treatment, physiotherapy, and rehabilitation.

After graduating from your osteopathy program, can I practice in Canada, USA, Australia, UK & New Zealand?

Yes, you can practice and open a clinic in all Canadian provinces, all US states, and everywhere else in Australia, United Kingdom and New Zealand. However the osteopathy profession is regulated in these countries and our graduates must work as osteopathic manual practitioners. They may not use the term osteopaths in these countries. For example in the USA & Canada, the term osteopath is reserved for osteopathic physicians who do surgery and prescribe medications.

In all other countries, including Italy, Spain, France, Ireland, Germany, Netherlands, South Korea, Brazil, Iran, China, Taiwan, Japan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, Singapore, Mexico, Venezuela, Greece, Vietnam, Netherlands, Turkey, Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, & Denmark , our graduates can use the term osteopath and practice as osteopaths.

Who Holds the Copyright to DOMP?

Dr Shahin Pourgol (www.pourgol.com), president of the National Academy of Osteopathy and the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada

What is Osteopathy TV?

Osteopathy TV, founded by our president Dr Shahin Pourgol as an instrument to increase the name recognition of osteopathy amongst the public while also increasing their health related knowledge. This is the first ever TV channel dedicated to osteopathic health care. The TV station is being developed and soon will start producing programs on a weekly basis. It is financially supported by NAO.

Is there a database of osteopathic related research papers?

There are many. Our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol has set up a Facebook page called “Osteopathy Related Research & Science” at www.fb.com/osteopathicresearch which compiles links to many useful manual osteopathic related research papers.

Do you offer any seminars?

Yes, we offer a number of manual osteopathic related seminars at very low fees. Please contact the admissions office for more info. You can also visit our seminar Facebook page for more info at www.fb.com/osteopathyseminars. Our seminars are offered on a wide variety of topics including sports osteopathy, kinesiological taping, decompression traction therapy, leg length discrepancy, osteopathic wellness protocol, etc.

What is Osteopathy Health Clinics?

OHC (www.fb.com/osteopathyhealthclinics) or (www.osteopathyhealthclinics.com) is a not for profit charity based organization founded by our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol. Membership to OHC is free to all manual osteopaths. For every patients referred by OHC, the manual osteopath member pays 10% of the treatment fee received to a charity.

Who teaches the visceral manipulation & cranial osteopathy techniques?

We have two professors who cover these lectures; professors Jorge Aranda and Amir Ghafari.

What is the Treatment Satisfaction Rate of Manual Osteopathy?

With a treatment satisfaction rate of 95%, manual osteopathy is the number one choice of patients in Canada for low back pain relief (data from 2012).2012 Treatment Satisfaction Rate

What is the Patient Confidence Rate for Manual Osteopaths?

Of all the alternative health care practitioners in Canada, patients have the highest confidence in manual osteopaths (data from 2006).Manual osteopaths enjoy the highest confidence rate between Canadian patients

How Do Manual Osteopaths Save Lives?

Fracture of the femur bone due to a slip & fall is the main cause of accident related death in seniors. This is mainly due to osteoporosis making the bones weak, and subsequently when the person fells down the bone breaks easily. The fractured bone in some cases cuts through the femoral artery. A number of patients die due to bleeding even before reaching the hospital. The osteopathic muscle energy techniques (MET) are known to improve function & balance by improving range of motion of the joints and the muscle tone. A better function & balance decreases the chance of a fall, and subsequent bone fracture and possible death. Seniors should receive weekly manual osteopathic care to remain more active and to continue enjoying a better quality of life. Manual osteopaths help prevent injuries. And by decreasing chances of a slip & fall they ultimately save lives.

How much Canadians spent yearly on manual osteopathic care?

Canadians on average spend about $220 per year on manual osteopathic care (data from 2006).Amount Spent on Manual osteopathy in 2006

What is the financial status of manual osteopaths in Canada?

Statistic Canada reported that 10% of Canadians have annual income of over $80,000. Manual osteopaths in Canada, with an average income of $90,000 per year are part of the wealthiest 10% of Canadians (data from 2013).

What is the job satisfaction rate for manual osteopaths?

According to the most recent Gallup survey of the American workplace in 2013; only 30% of workers were satisfied with their employment. Manual osteopaths in Canada, with a job satisfaction rate of 95% have one of the highest job satisfaction rates of all occupations as there is zero unemployment in this health profession and the starting salary is $30 per hour. Manual osteopathy has been included in the top 25 best occupations in demand in Canada by the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.

What are the similarities & differences between manual osteopathy, massage therapy, physiotherapy & chiropractic?

Dr Pourgol has prepared an article on major similarities and differences of these four health professions that offer manual therapy. To read the article please click on the link below which takes you directly to Dr Pourgol’s personal blog site.
Click here

What are the top 10 job vacancies in 2013?

Top 10 Job Vacancies in Canada in 2013 (Half of these jobs are in health care sector, report Published in the Toronto Star Newspaper)

  1. Primary health care providers (physicians, dentists, chiropractors, manual osteopaths, veterinarians, athletic therapists and other treating health professionals.)
  2. Managers in engineering, architecture & information systems.
  3. Managers in health care, education & social services.
  4. Managers in construction and transportation
  5. Accountants & other business service professionals.
  6. Scientists & engineers.
  7. Nurses & nursing supervisors.
  8. Medical technologists.
  9. Social workers, psychologists, counsellors, probation officers.
  10. Supervisors in mining, oil & gas manufacturing & processing.
Is there a Facebook group on manual osteopathy?

There are many such groups. However one of the largest ones is “We Love Osteopathy” which is founded by our president Dr Shahin Pourgol. It is open to everyone. Feel free to join the group. The group address is: www.fb.com/groups/weloveosteopathy.

Is there a business related site for manual osteopathy?

Yes, Dr Pourgol has set up the “Osteopathy Business Tips” Facebook page that offers valuable business tips to practicing manual osteopaths. It is open to everyone. You can visit it by clicking on the link below: www.fb.com/richosteopath.

Is there a film documentary on manual osteopathy?

Dr Pourgol in cooperation with Osteopathy TV and the financial backing of National Academy of Osteopathy & the National University of Medical Sciences is in the process of producing a full length film documentary on manual osteopathy called “The Last Resort”. The documentary discusses why manual osteopathy is in such a high demand in Canada and why patients sometimes wait months to see a manual osteopath. The documentary will be provided free of charge to Netflix, the Documentary Channel, PBS and other networks, with the hope that it increases the public awareness to the wonderful beautiful profession of manual osteopathy.

Is there a Facebook group on manual osteopathy?

There are many such groups. However one of the largest ones is “We Love Osteopathy” which is founded by our president Dr Shahin Pourgol. It is open to everyone. Feel free to join the group. The group address is: www.fb.com/groups/weloveosteopathy.

What Associations NAO Graduates Can Join?

NAO graduates can join many organizations including;

Ontario Osteopathic & Alternative Medicine Association (accepted by Canadian insurers), Alliance Canadienne de Médecine Alternative , Collège des Ostéopathes Canadiens , Asociation des ostéopathes Regroupement des Intervenants et Thérapeutes en Médecine Alternative (Quebec) , College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario, Society of Osteopaths of Canada , International Osteopathic Association, Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine, Ontario Association of Osteopathic Practitioners, Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences, Alberta College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences, & British Columbia College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences.
NAO graduates are eligible to write the board exams of the Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board & the International Osteopathy Examining Board. NAO graduates are eligible to bill Auto Insurers for treatments rendered to patients injured in a motor vehicle accident as per FSCO (Financial Service Commission of Ontario) & other provincial MVA guidelines.
NAO is accredited by the Council on Manual Osteopathy Education and offers World Health Organization (WHO) compliant manual osteopathic education. All Canadian insurers insurers cover treatments provided by NAO graduates if they are members of two or more of the above organizations and all osteopathy malpractice insurance providers accept NAO graduates for errors & omission & liability insurance.

Why chiropractors study manual osteopathy?

We have many chiropractors and chiropractic students as students. This is because manual osteopathy is very popular with patients. In Canada there is a waiting list of over a year (in London, Ontario), 6 months (in Halifax) and so on. In 2012 Canadians chose manual osteopathy as their #1 choice for low back pain relief as compared to chiropractic, massage therapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and pain medication.

By becoming a manual osteopaths chiropractors assure that they will have a full practice. Here is a testimonial from a chiropractor graduate of NAO click here.

Why so many massage therapists study manual osteopathy at NAO?

Manual osteopathy is a great addition to a massage therapy practice. Patients that do not respond to massage get better quickly through manual osteopathic treatments, specially patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. That is one reason why manual osteopathy is so popular with massage therapists.
The other reason is that we graduate successful manual osteopaths. We train our students in all aspects of clinic management, including wealth creation, marketing, asset protection, tax planning & accounting. Click on the link below to read a testimonial from NAO graduate & registered massage therapist (RMT), Angele Boyle who doubled her income in less than a year following graduation: click here

Is NAO approved by WorkBC?

The WorkBC program of the Canadian Government in British Columbia may now cover your full tuition to study manual osteopathy at the York University Heights campus of National Academy of Osteopathy in Toronto if you are found eligible. Contact the WorkBC Employment Center nearest you for more information.

What does NAO student card look like?

Click on the link below to see a sample of student card issued to students. Your National Academy of Osteopathy student card entitles you to discount on thousands of items in North America, Europe and elsewhere. Please make sure you keep your student card with you at all times as a proof of being an NAO student. Click Here

Who are the first osteopathy family of NAO?

Physiotherapist & university professor Dr Hossein Khorami, his daughter Saba, a kinesiologist & optometrist wife Dr Maryam Gharahgozloo graduated together as manual osteopaths from NAO in July 2014. While we had a number of couples and siblings studying together at NAO, this is the first time all members of a family enrolled together at NAO. Click on the link below to see their photos: Click Here

What is the most popular treatment for low back pain?

A survey done in 2012 indicates that manual osteopathy is the most popular treatment for low back pain by Canadian patients as compared to chiropractic, physiotherapy, acupuncture, pain medication and massage therapy.

How Many Students are Studying Manual Osteopathy?

There are over 14,700 students of European style osteopathy (also known as manual osteopathy) enrolled in degree or diploma programs around the world.

There are 21,741 students of American style osteopathy (also known as osteopathic medicine) enrolled in the DO (Doctor of Osteopathy) programs in American osteopathic universities and schools.

USA is the only country offering education in osteopathic medicine. All other countries where students enrolled offer European style osteopathic education (no surgery, no medication).

How many manual osteopaths practice around the world?

The total number of European style osteopaths (as opposed to American style osteopathic physicians who practice surgery and prescribe medications) is 43,000. The total number of American style osteopathic physicians is 87,000.

Who Refers Patients to Manual Osteopaths?

A 2013 survey indicates that manual osteopaths receive the most number of patients through word of mouth referrals of their own patients. The second most common source of patient referral is from family physicians. Here are the most common sources of patients referrals to European style manual osteopaths. The amount is in percentage.

Friend of patient 29.7%
Medical Doctor (M.D.) 23.6%
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) 3.9%
Chiropractor 1.8%
Chinese medicine 2.3%
Physiotherapist 15%
Counselor/psychologist 3.5%
Podiatrist 4.1%
Dietician 1%
Personal trainer 3.5%
Massage therapist 6.6%

Where Do Osteopaths Work?

A 2013 survey of European style manual osteopaths finds that the majority of manual osteopaths prefer to own their own private osteopathy clinic. Of interest is that over 3% of manual osteopaths work in hospital and 6.5% of them have positions in universities.

Private clinic 43%
With 1 partner 14.1%
More than 2 partners 18.2%
Hospital 3%
Outpatient clinic 2.9%
Medical institution 3.9%
University 6.5%

How Long Does it Takes for an Osteopathic Treatment?

30 to 45 minutes is the most common treatment length for manual osteopathic treatments. A 2013 survey indicates 40.5% of patients manual osteopaths see in Canada, USA & Europe receive this length of treatment.
The 2nd most common is 45 to 60 minutes, which 31.8% of patients receive.

Do Family Physicians Refer to Osteopaths?

The 2nd most common referral sources of manual osteopaths (also known as European style osteopaths) in Canada, USA & Europe are medical doctors. 18.5% patients manual osteopaths see are referred by MDs, a 2013 survey finds.

Do Physiotherapists Refer to Manual Osteopaths?

A 2013 survey finds that over 10.6% of the patients that manual osteopaths treat in the USA, Canada and Europe are referred to them by physiotherapists. Physical therapists make up the third most common referral sources of manual osteopaths. By manual osteopath we mean European style osteopaths as opposed to American style osteopathic physicians who perform surgery and prescribe medications. Manual osteopaths limit treatments to hands-on manual therapy.

How Many Manual Osteopaths Practice in Each Country?

Here are approximate number of European style osteopaths (also known as manual osteopaths) in a selected number of countries.

Argentina 125 Australia 1,725 Austria 600 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 1
Bahrain 3 Belgium 1,539 Belize 1 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2 Brazil 250
Brunei 1 Bulgaria 5 Cameroon 2 Canada 1,750 Cayman Islands 1
Chile 45 China (including Hong Kong & Macau) 150 Costa Rica 15 Croatia 2 Czech Republic 5
Colombia 15 Croatia 16 Cyprus 11 Denmark 50 Dominican Republic 2
Egypt 35 El Salvador 2 Estonia 5 Finland 300 France 17,460
Germany 7,000 Greece 40 Hungary 5 Iceland 2 India 360
Indonesia 10 Iran 120 Ireland 120 Israel 50 Italy 6,000
Jamaica 1 Japan 275 Jordan 20 Latvia 20 Lebanon 10
Lithuania 10 Luxembourg 40 Malaysia 25 Malta 1 Martinique 5
Mexico 175 Morocco 35 Namibia 1 Netherlands 639 New Zealand 400
Nigeria 10 Norway 250 Oman 1 Palestine 5 Panam 20
Philippines 30 Poland 30 Portugal 400 Qatar 2 Romania 35
Russia 1,300 Saudi Arabia 50 Serbia 5 Singapore 30 Slovakia 2
Slovenia 2 Spain 800 South Africa 49 South Korea 200 St Lucia 1
St Martin 10 Sweden 200 Switzerland 850 Taiwan 30 Tanzania 4
Thailand 45 Trinidad & Tobago 1 Turkey 25 UAE 30 UK 4,211
Ukraine 80 USA 2,000 Venezuela 10 Vietnam 20
I am a student at another college of osteopathy. Can I transfer to NAO?

Yes, you can. While most schools of osteopathy offer excellent education, many of their students do transfer to National Academy of Osteopathy for a variety of reasons.

Most colleges offer osteopathic education that is 3 to 5 years part time one weekend a month for 6 months per year, while NAO offers a compact 6 months to 1 year full time program. This is popular by students as they can finish their program sooner and start working and helping patients.

Tuition is another reason they transfer to NAO. In Italy students pay up to 100,000 EURO and in Canada up to $45,000 for osteopathic education. Our DOMP program starts from $9,970.00, which is one of the most affordable accredited manual osteopathic education.

But by far the most common reason for transfer of osteopathic students of other schools to NAO is our business lectures. If a student wants to graduate as a manual osteopath, all schools offer great education. However if the student wants to graduate as a successful manual osteopath then NAO is the best choice. Our “setting up a million dollar practice” lecture series are legendary. By the time NAO students graduate they have the knowledge necessary to own, operate and manage a successful manual osteopathic clinic. They are well versed in the art of marketing, public relations, advertising, wealth creation, tax planning, asset protection, accounting and financial management.

Does Canadian Government Recognize Manual Osteopathy?

We are glad to announce that the title “Osteopathic Manual Practitioner” has now been officially entered into the National Occupational Classification of Canada; under the NOC Code # 3232 (Practitioners of Natural Healing).

This is great news for the profession of manual osteopathy as it gives a unique identity to the job title of our graduates, and it is a great step towards regulating the profession of manual osteopathy in Ontario and elsewhere in Canada.

Previously there was only the title “osteopath or Doctor of Osteopathy” was classified in Canada to represent anyone who practices any forms of osteopathy. Now there are officially two distinct forms of osteopathy in Canada, one the osteopathic medicine, which its practitioners call themselves osteopaths in Canada and the other European style manual osteopathy which its practitioners are called manual osteopaths or osteopathic manual practitioners.

Did Canada Post Publish a World Osteopathy Day Mailing Stamp?

On Nov 11, 2014, Canada Post published World Osteopathy Day stamps, designed by Dr Shahin Pourgol, president of the National Academy of Osteopathy & the National University of Medical Sciences, the largest providers of manual osteopathic education worldwide. Osteopathy, since it was founded over 137 years ago by Dr Still in the USA, had never had a day of its own until 2012 when Dr Pourgol founded June 22nd as the World Osteopathy Day.

What is the National Occupation Classification Code for Manual Osteopaths?

The NOC (National Occupation Code) for “Osteopathic Manual Practitioners” in Canada is 3232 and it falls under “Practitioners of Natural Health”.

Did HCAI add Osteopathy?

IN Ontario, all practitioners who treat MVA patients use HCAI. Health Claims for Auto Insurance (HCAI) is an electronic system for transmitting auto insurance Ontario Claim Forms (OCFs) between health care businesses and insurers in Ontario. Previously there was no category for osteopaths, and osteopathic manual practitioners in Ontario had to use “other” to list themselves on the forms and auto insurance standard invoice (AISI). Now we have our own category “osteopathy” which manual osteopaths can use when submitting OCF 18 (treatment plans) and OCF 21 (Auto Insurance Standard Invoice).
First Canadian government recognized manual osteopathy by adding it to National Occupational Classification under NOC code 3232 and now the Ontario provincial government permitted osteopathy to be added as an independent category under HCAI.
The profession is getting more recognition. And these all helps us in getting the profession regulated in Ontario. Our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol has donated $200,000 to the “Osteopaths Unite” campaign and in such short term we have seen the profession advance quite rapidly.

Is NAO certified by the Minister of Employment & Social Development of Canada?

Yes, National Academy of Osteopathy has been certified by honorable Jason Kenney, the Canadian Minister of Employment & Social Development on December 07, 2014. This certification remains active for 5 years until December 07, 2019.

Are there tax credits available to NAO students?

Canadian National Academy of Osteopathy students are permitted now to claim for tax credits for the NAO tuition, textbooks & educational expenses (up to $5580) they paid to study manual osteopathy as per Income Tax Act of Canada. Full time NAO students can claim $4800 in tuition tax credit, and $780 for textbooks credit (total $5580) for the 12 months Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice program. Students in the six months DOMP program can claim $2400 for tuition tax credit and $390 for textbooks credit (total $2790).
Part time NAO student can claim $2880 for tuition tax credit and $480 for textbooks tax credit (total of $3360) for the 2 years program. Students in the 12 months part time program can claim $1440 for tuition tax credit and $240 for textbooks tax credit (total of $1680).
This applies to any NAO students who registered in 2014 and for the next 5 years.

How much tuition tax credit is offered by the Canadian government?

The Canadian government offers up to $4800 in tuition tax credit to residents of Canada to study manual osteopathy at National Academy of Osteopathy.

How much the Canadian government offers for textbooks tax credit?

The Canadian government offers up to $780 in textbooks tax credit to residents of Canada to study manual osteopathy at National Academy of Osteopathy.

Are NAO Graduates Eligible to Apply for Futurpreneur Canada Loans?

Our graduates of the diploma in osteopathic manual practice (DOMP) program, 18 to 34 years old who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents are eligible to apply for business development loans of up to $15,000 (at prime posted by CIBC plus 3% interest rate) under the Futurpreneur Canada program of the Canadian government.
You must have already been graduated as a manual osteopath and have already opened your own private osteopathy clinic. Your clinic must be less than one year old and you have to agree to work with a mentor for up to 2 years and prepare a business plan.

Is Discount Available to NAO Graduates for Foot Orthotics?

Professor Majid Javadifar, an orthotist & Prosthetist as well as a manual osteopath, is a graduate of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) and National University of Medical Sciences (Spain).
Dr Javadifar owns one of the best orthotics manufacturing labs in Canada, while also having a multidisciplinary clinic in North York, Ontario. Shahla & Sara, two NAO graduated manual osteopaths work with Dr Javadifar in his clinic.
Any of our graduates who needs an orthotics lab for patients needing orthopedic footwear should contact him directly. NAO graduates receive discounts for a number of products offered at this orthotics manufacturing lab.

What College is Best for Osteopathic Techniques?

NAO teaches more osteopathic techniques than any other osteopathic college in the world.
Did you know that we are the only osteopathic college that has Canadian, American, European & Asian technique instructors?

Is the DOMP Program Regularly Updated?

Yes. We consistently upgrade all our diploma program. Every term we add a number of osteopathy techniques as well as business lectures to the DOMP program.

Does NAO have a Poem of its Own?

This poetry is by NAO student, Dr Chris Vincent, MBBS, titled ” Students of National Academy of Osteopathy”.

A poem

We are the chosen.
Ordinary people
from different places
training for extraordinary work,
under the benevolent gaze
of Dr. Shahin Pourgol,
>We are diamonds in the rough,
cut and polished
with words of wisdom
spoken by our teachers,
and the techniques taught
online and in-class.
We are coached
to be valiant fighters
and skilled archers
who are battle ready
to attack the army of pain.
We are students
of National Academy of Osteopathy,
learning the great art
of manual osteopathy,
eager to serve
the people of Canada
and all the countries
around the world.
We are the past, present
and future students
with flames
of healing power
in our hands.

Written by – Dr. Chris Vincent, MBBS

Is There Any Discount Available to OHA Seminars?

Yes. We are the only Canadian osteopathy college that has been accepted as an affiliate member of Ontario Hospital Association (OHA). As such NAO students with their student ID card are eligible to register for a number of continuing education seminars offered by OHA.
Please visit their website for a list of their seminars. If interested please contact them directly.

Are NAO Graduates Eligible to Apply for BDC Loans?

Yes. Our Canadian DOMP (diploma in osteopathic manual practice) graduates are eligible to apply for up to 50,000 in loan money from Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC) if they are residents of the province their osteopathy clinic is located.
The graduates must be the clinic owner, and be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. The osteopathy clinic must have been in operation for two years or longer. Clinics less than two years old are not eligible to apply. The loan must be repaid within 4 years and the current interest rate is 5.7%. The application process is completely online, eliminating any need for personal visits and meetings.

Why is online education better?

A recent research on hands on skill learning indicates that in the long term online students learn better techniques than those enrolled in a campus based program.
The research done recently in USA compared two sets of students learning a manual skill, one set in a class and another from an online video.
The results indicated that in the same day, after watching the skill being taught online vs live in the classroom, those classroom students learned the skill better. However after one week, the online students performed the skill clearly better than the campus students.
The conclusion the researchers made is that the campus based students learn from an instructor and then rely on memory to perform the skill task every day. While the online students get to watch the instructor everyday and this makes their skill set closer to what the instructor teaches.
So in the short term (the same day) campus based education is better. However in the long term online students perform better techniques.

Why Osteopathic Osteoarticular Techniques are so effective?

Osteopathic spinal osteoarticular techniques are proven through scientific research to cause neurophysiological effects resulting in hypoalgesia (local and/or distal), sympathoexcitation, reduction in spinal stiffness, heterogeneous in location and timing, and improved muscle function.

These techniques also produce increased nociceptive flexion reflex threshold, improved posture, decreased concentration of substance P, and improved sway index.

The evidence for effectiveness of osteopathic osteoarticular techniques suggests involvement of an endogenous pain inhibition system mediated by the central nervous system.

Who are the instructors teaching visceral & cranial osteopathy?

We teach visceral techniques of osteopathy (visceral manipulation) & cranial osteopathy (osteopathy in the cranial field) both online, as well as on-campus. Dr Oleg Bagren, MD, DOMP & Mr Jorje Andas, MSc (O) teach visceral techniques and Pamela Crosson Fournier, RMT, DOMP & Dr Daniel Nuzun, DO teach cranial osteopathy.

What are the lost techniques of manual osteopathy?

Dr H. R. Spitler was a medical doctor, chiropractor, osteopath and optometrist in Ohio, USA who invented a model of osteopathy techniques about a hundred years ago that dealt with soft tissue as well as osseous manual therapy. As his techniques focused mainly on orthopedic conditions of musculoskeletal system, he fell out of favour with the osteopathy leadership of the time and his techniques were not taught in most osteopathic schools.
We are the only osteopathy school teaching the manual mechanotherapy techniques of Dr. Spitler.
Manual mechanotherapy is now mainly practiced in Ohio by a group of practitioners calling themselves mechanotherpists. The techniques are considered the lost techniques of osteopathy.
Dr. Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DO (from Ohio, USA) has done six lectures on this technique which is now available for our students to watch at our video server.

What are the Forgotten Osteopathic Techniques?

Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, MD, DO (founder of osteopathy) developed many methods of treatments. In one such method (commonly known as the Still Techniques) the patient is initially moved away from the dysfunctional barrier, then a well-directed focusing force is applied, during which the dysfunctional joint is carried through a path of least resistance into the barrier. The Still technique loosens the ligaments and tendons binding a joint by first moving away from the barrier into relaxation, and then reverses direction to allow the joint to slide back into place while the supporting ligaments and tendons are relaxed. The Still techniques never gained popularity with early osteopaths because easier and quicker osteopathic manual therapy techniques were available to osteopaths. Still techniques, the ground breaking methods of relaxing the soft tissue and then settling the joint were somewhat forgotten until Dr. Richard VanBuskirk, DO published “The Still Technique Manual” in 2000. Now these techniques have regained the popularity they deserve as a number of schools including National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada), National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) and National University of Medical Sciences (USA) have added them to the curriculum of their manual osteopathy diploma and degree programs. Dr Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DO teaches Still Techniques which is uploaded to our video servers for our registered students to watch.

What makes us different?

Our education differs from other schools because we teach our students everything we know about managing their business. Our students learn a lot about how to run, market and manage their clinics effectively. Our lectures include varied topics such as tax planning, asset protection, marketing, public relations, accounting, investing and financial planning. We strongly believe a successful graduate is a happy graduate and that society as a whole improves with success of our graduates. A successful graduate spends more, and helps charities more often. This would result in the economy being stimulated once a person has better purchase power. It is a common knowledge that money improves quality of life. However there was not much research available to back this up. In the past few years a number of research projects have shown this to be true. The most recent research published by the Toronto Star, and done by PhD graduate student, Annie Xiaoyu Gong and her team at McGill University indicates that “Higher income increases people’s life satisfaction in general”. The word “money” is a taboo in healthcare. We do not agree. We believe you can be a great health professional while also being financially successful. We graduate successful health professionals and that is what helped us become the number one provider of manual osteopathic education in the world, teaching in 68 countries. You can study manual osteopathy in many schools. However to learn about how to manage and grow your practice with proven effective tips, then we are your only choice.

Where can I find the NAO alumni survey?

For the first time ever we have done a survey of National Academy of Osteopathy alumni for the year 2015. We will repeat this every year from now on.
We wish to thank all the NAO graduates who took the time to complete this survey. We know you are busy and we are grateful for your time.
Here is a brief highlights of the survey completed by both online as well as campus based Canadian graduates of the DOMP (diploma in osteopathic manual practice) program:
Please Visit : http://nationalacademyofosteopathy.blogspot.ca/2016/06/canadian-osteopathy-alumni-survey-2015.html

What is the annual gross income of NAO graduates in Canada?

11.1% of Canadian NAO graduates in 2015 had annual gross income of over $150,000. 11.1% had annual gross income of $100,000 to $149,999. 33.3% had annual gross income of $90,000 to $99,999. 22.2% had annual gross income of $80,000 to $89,000 (source from NAO alumni survey 2015).

National Academy of Osteopathy annual alumni survey 2015 chart 3

How much is the annual income increase of NAO alumni?

100% of National Academy of Osteopathy graduates in Canada with prior health education (such as massage therapists, chiropractors and physiotherapists) increased their annual gross income after becoming a manual osteopath. 33.3% of them increased their annual income by 31 to 40% in 2015.

NAO survey 2015 income increase

What are the income sources of NAO alumni?

44.4% of the annual gross income earned by National Academy of Osteopathy graduates in Canada (in 2015) came from private health insurance payments (most extended health plan insurers cover osteopathy services provided by our graduates).
33.3% of our alumni income in 2015 came from patients paying cash and 22.2% came from auto insurance payments for those injured in an MVA (all auto insurers pay for osteopathic care provided by NAO graduates to accident patients).

NAO survey 2015 income sources

What are the differences between a 5 years vs a 1 year osteopathy diploma program?

This is a review posted by registered massage therapist & manual osteopath, Andrew Subieta, RMT, DOMP who is an alumnus of National Academy of Osteopathy in Toronto. He has also studied at the first osteopathy school in Ontario, the Canadian College of Osteopathy which offers a 5 years osteopathy program.
Please click here for more information http://nationalacademyofosteopathy.blogspot.ca/2016/09/osteopathic-education-5-years-vs-1-year.html

Do you teach osteopathy in all Canadian provinces?

Yes, we do. We have alumni in all Canadian provinces and territories.
Manual osteopathy was introduced to the province of Newfoundland & Labrador (Canada), Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut and Prince Edward Island by our alumni.

Do Canadian extended health plan insurers pay for osteopathic care?

Yes, currently they all do.

Are NAO graduates permitted to bill Canadian private health insurers?

To bill an extended health plan (EHP) insurer in Canada NAO alumni must first join one or more osteopathic association in Canada, such as Society of Osteopaths of Canada (based in Quebec but available for NAO graduates in all Canadian provinces), Regroupement des Intervenants et Thérapeutes en Médecine Alternative (available in Quebec only), National Manual Osteopathic Society (based in Alberta but available to our graduates in all Canadian provinces), & Ontario Osteopathic & Alternative Medicine Association (the 2nd oldest osteopathic association in Canada) among others. The full list is found at the first page of NAO website. Membership in these associations would provide billing numbers for NAO graduates which permit them to bill extended health insurers in all Canadian provinces including Alberta, British Columbia, Quebec and Ontario.

What is NOPA?

NOPA, the National Osteopathic Practitioners Alumni (http://www.osteopathyalumni.com/) is an association that our graduates can join free of charge. Membership is available only to the alumni of National Academy of Osteopathy, National University of Medical Sciences (USA) & National University of Medical Sciences (Spain).

Does BCAOMP accept NAO graduates ?

Yes. The British Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (BCAOMP) accepts as members the graduates of Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice (D.O.M.P.) program of National Academy of Osteopathy.

What professions originated from osteopathy ?

Chiropractic and naprapathy are two health professions originated from osteopathy. Most manual therapy techniques used by physiotherapists are also osteopathic in origin. Osteopathy is the grandfather of most manual therapy primary health care systems.

Can NAO graduates join NLOA ?

Yes, our graduates are eligible to join the Newfoundland & Labrador Osteopathic Association. Visit http://www.osteopathyassociation.ca/ for more information.

Is osteopathic care available in Bermuda ?

Yes! We made history (again!) by introducing osteopathy to Bermuda. Anyone wishing to receive manual osteopathic care in an exotic beautiful island setting in Bermuda should contact Thomas Andrew at the Reefs, a five star luxury resort in Southampton, Bermuda (https://www.facebook.com/thomaselisseou/about). Thomas is the only practicing osteopath in Bermuda. He is one of the students of National Academy of Osteopathy (Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice – D.O.M.P.) & National University of Medical Sciences (Doctor of osteopathy – DO).

Can NAO graduates join MOA ?

Yes, National Academy of Osteopathy graduates can join the Manitoba Osteopathic Association for membership.

Can RESP's be used to pay for osteopathic education ?

Yes it can. Canadians can use registered education savings plan (RESP) to pay in full for the cost of tuition of the diploma in osteopathic manual practice program of National Academy of Osteopathy.

The Canadian government offers thousands of dollars to help families defray the cost of tuition for their children by allowing them to open a registered education savings plan for each child. And here’s the best part: for every dollar you put into the plan, the government kicks in a little extra for you. Depending on your income, the government portion can rise to as much as 40 cents for every dollar you put in yourself.

Is osteopathy regulated in Ontario or Canada ?

The word “osteopathy” is not regulated in Ontario or any of the other provinces in Canada. The word “osteopath” is regulated in Ontario. That is why National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) graduates are permitted to use the word “osteopathy” in their clinic names or call what they do “osteopathy”. The term “osteopath” is regulated in Ontario, British Columbia and some other provinces but not all.

In the province of Quebec and some other provinces our graduates can call themselves “osteopath”. In provinces where the term “osteopath” is regulated our graduates call themselves manual osteopaths or osteopathic manual practitioners.

Online vs On-campus Education: Which one is better?

The answer may surprise you!

Here is a research article by the US Department of Education that indicates online students perform better than on-campus students. “The meta-analysis found that on average, students in online learning conditions performed modestly better than those receiving face-to-face instruction.”


Who is Dr Bruno Bordoni?

Dr Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO is an Italian physiotherapist and osteopath who is also a member of our board of directors. Dr Bordoni is a world re-known researcher and has published numerous peer reviewed research articles. Here is a recent research paper about effectiveness of osteopathy in cardiology. Dr Bordoni the only osteopath of this research. We are so proud of him!


Can students shadow practitioners?

Our students who wish to shadow one of our alumni in their private health clinics should contact the alumni directly. We do not arrange this between alumni and students. Sometimes alumni ask us to post a request about their willingness to allow students to observe their practice. This is usually posted in our private alumni FB group. We also email the post to all our students. Here is a recent shadowing opportunity we emailed students today: “National Academy of Osteopathy graduate, Frederic Koomsatira, BSc, CSCS, DOMP (osteopath & a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu champion and coach) has been kind enough to allow our students to shadow him and work on a volunteer basis in his clinic in Montreal (Quebec, Canada). Our interested students who wish to do some volunteer work should contact Frederic directly at fredkoomsatira@gmail.com or 1-514-581-3400. The clinic website is: www.koom.ca. We are grateful to Frederic for helping our students.”

Can osteopathy help with migraines?

Yes, it does. Here is a post we shared a few days ago. MIGRAINE gone after one OSTEOPATHIC treatment What our alumni do seem like a miracle sometimes. We just found out manual osteopath Nicholas Zancai, DOMP a graduate of National Academy of Osteopathy and one of its teacher assistants, treated a patient in Burlington (Ontario, Canada) who was suffering from migraine. Right after first osteopathic session the migraine was completely cured 100%. This patient had seen his family physician, a chiropractor and a number of other health professionals without result. He was referred to Nicholas and got cured in one session. This is the power of osteopathy. We hear cases like this all the time from patients of our alumni. Nicholas receives a lot of referrals from massage therapists, physiotherapists, naturopaths and family physicians because of his ability to treat chronic pain. He is fully booked until June 2017. There is a month long waiting list for patients to make an appointment with him. He charges $110 per hour of osteopathic care. His fee is set to increase to $140 per hour in near future. Thank you Nicholas! You make us so proud!

What is the highest fee charged by an NAO graduate for osteopathic care?

$400 per 90 minutes of osteopathic care is the highest fee that we know of. NAO graduate, manual osteopath & registered massage therapist Thomas Andrew charges $300 US (about $400 Canadian) per 90 minutes of Osteopathic care provided to cash patients. Thomas is a Canadian who practices in the island of Bermuda. Previously the record of highest fee charged was by an NAO graduate practicing in London (Ontario) who charged $270 (Canadian) per hour.

What are the clinical differences between osteopathy & chiropractic?

Our president, Professor Shahin Pourgol has studied osteopathy as well as chiropractic. He has written an article explaining the main differences of these two professions in regards to clinical aspects. Here is the link to the article: http://drpourgol.blogspot.ca/2017/04/clinical-differences-between.html

Do you love osteopathy?

Then you should join the “We Love Osteopathy” group! With 16,750 members this group founded by our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol is the largest osteopathy group in the world.
If you are interested in osteopathy related research, then visit the “Osteopathy Related Research & Science” also set up by Dr Pourgol.

What percentage of NAO students are high school graduates?

Initially most if not all our graduates were health professionals 7 years ago when we started teaching osteopathic health care. However our goal was always to get high school graduates to enrol as for health professionals osteopathy is an additional useful modality while for high school graduates osteopathy would be the main profession and we felt they would become more passionate and this would help osteopathy expand greatly across the world. We am glad to say that now about 56% of our graduates are high school graduates and 44% are health professionals.

Why do we have so many successful alumni?

The reason for the success of our alumni is our business management lectures. Dr Pourgol in his business lectures covers a vast array of topics such as advertising, marketing, public relations, asset protection, financial planning, investment, accounting, tax planning, behavioral modification and brain improvement. Here is why our students said about Dr Pourgol’s lectures in the past 12 months:

-Thank you, you are the best teacher in the world!

-One thing I really enjoyed was the business lectures by Dr. Pourgol. I did not have a business background and after following his lectures, I now own a successful business.

-Thank you to the amazing Dr. Pourgol for being such an inspiration in my life.

-Hey Dr. Pourgol; You have truly given me the power and ability to carve out my own path in life. The tools that I have acquired though your guidance has already changed the lives of many!!! I am forever thankful.

– Dr. Pourgol is always encouraging and passionate about his students being successful and shares every bit of knowledge he has to help us succeed.

-Sincerely thank you Dr Pourgol. For everything. My brother is applying for NAO soon. You have created an amazing opportunity for us to improve health care, enrich the lives of others as well as our own.

-Thank you so much Dr Pourgol. Your advise always works. And you are the only teacher in the world who is always available for the students. It’s my pleasure to have you.

-Dr Pourgol – I love your video lectures ! You have a great mix of humour and technical information that really creates enjoyable and effortless learning. Thank you so much.

-Dr. Shahin Pourgol, I’m loving your business lectures. I took management at McGill University and your classes are 10x more interesting. Keep up the good work!

-Thank you, Dr Shahin Pourgol. My naturopathy practice has increase from 4-6 patients a day to 8-10, in the last two and half months.

-Thank you Dr. Pourgol! You are an inspiration to me! Thanks for being the best teacher in the world.

-Dr. Pourgol gives you amazing business lectures on how to set up a business and promote yourself. I cannot believe how much I am learning! I am so thankful every day that I chose NAO.

– the Business classes stand out for me the most since they teach you how to continue your success and build the best practice you can as a manual osteopath beyond graduation.

– His teaching style was the reason I loved the classes so much, they were straight to the point and everything had clear explanations.

-Proud to be one of your students! I couldn’t be happier with my choice to come learn osteopathy at NAO from such passionate and knowledgeable teachers — also very entertaining with many interesting yet informative stories. I truly feel honored.

– My professor, Dr. Pourgol is a man whom I truly admire. He opened National Academy of Osteopathy and expanded manual osteopathy tremendously. Thanks to him, manual osteopathy is being taught in 68 countries!

– Dr. Pourgol- thank you so much for being an amazing teacher and teaching many individuals manual osteopathy. You truly are helping many people around the world.

– Thank you Dr. Wouldn’t have been able to go (to Paris, France) without your business lectures!

– One of the things that I love about the NAO founder, Dr. Shahin Pourgol, is that at various times throughout the year he will allow access to the education portal for alumni, so that we can review and watch the latest additions and updated lectures. Very generous, and without the online side of the school, not possible.

– My president Dr. Pourgol…..you are my great professor! Forever u are my great Osteopathic founder.

-Dr. Pourgol gives you amazing business lectures on how to set up a business and promote yourself. I cannot believe how much I am learning! I am so thankful every day that I chose NAO.

-Dr. Pourgol, I came across a quote today that I would like to share with you: “The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.” William Arthur Ward. You sir, inspire!!

-The business classes were above and beyond what I was expecting. There were many times I said “I wish I knew that before” or “Wow. That makes so much sense.” I even caught my husband hanging around when I was watching my classes and saying quietly “Hmm”, “Okay”, and “Yes”.

-Your help has been immeasurable. I’m so booked I haven’t had time to implement a quarter of your tips from business lectures. Thank you!

-Thank you dr P, for all the inspiration and knowledge you so generously share.

-Thank you so much Dr Shahin Pourgol for giving me the honor to be one of your student.

-I would like to thank Dr Pourgol for his passion. The university’s program would not be the same without his infectious humor and expertise. He evidently loves his job, which makes it so much easier to listen and learn as a student. Thank you.

-I really like my teachers there. Starting with Dr. Pourgol who teaches Mobilizations and Muscle energy techniques, but also business management which made us prepared for business life, marketing , safety and promotion.

-Hi Dr Pourgol, Just wanted to let you know I am enjoying your online classes.

-Thank you very much, Dr. Pourgol, truly. I sincerely appreciate all your advice and your work to give us the best means to improve our odds to succeed in this new path. Your speech at graduation ceremony was very inspiring. As you said, you will always be part of the change in our lives, an important part, let me complete, and I will always be grateful to you for all the knowledge that you have transferred to us but, most of all, for your devotion as a teacher and your engagement to your students to make successful people of us. Words are not enough. Thank you.

-Dr Pourgol: Thank you for creating such a great school. I’m only a month in (dual degree BSc(O)/DO) and am loving the education. Excited to see NUMSS and NAO continue to grow. Keep up the great work!

-Dr. Shahin Pourgol, I just wanted to reach out and tell you how much I appreciate seeing your proud and positive posts as well as all of amazing things that this school has accomplished in such a short period of time.

Shahin PourgolMBA DC DO PhD

Is it possible to get NAO diploma officially translated?

Yes. Graduates of National Academy of Osteopathy who wish to get a certified translation of their diplomas should contact:
Ms. Madonna Antonio
Translation Agency of Ontario
(647) 985-7174
(343) 700-0324
The cost is $110.74 (Canadian). They provide official certified translation to almost all languages of the world.

What are the differences between Cranial Osteopathy & Craniosacral Therapy?

These are similar yet a bit different systems. Both techniques originated from the works of Dr. William Garner Sutherland, DO, who introduced his cranial concept in 1929. It was originally called osteopathy in the cranial field which later was known as cranial osteopathy.
Craniosacral therapy was formed by Dr John Upledger, an osteopath from Michigan.
The main difference between the two techniques are that cranial osteopathy is taught only to osteopaths & manual osteopaths, while craniosacral therapy is taught to everyone else.
Dr Sutherland had been struck by an idea as a student that the bones of the head were beveled as if to indicate motion. He spent the next 20 years or so trying to prove himself wrong. Through a detailed examination of the anatomy of the skull, followed by a series of experiments on his own head and on his patients, he became convinced that there was a subtle motion of the head which could be palpated with experience; and that distortions of the joints between the bones of the skull would create problems in the machine of the body just as distortions of the joints of the body create problems. His treatments were gentle, almost imperceptible movements aimed at restoring free motion of the skull.
Dr. John Upledger was a practicing Osteopath in Michigan when he attended his first cranial osteopathy course. He began practicing, and researching, the motion of the cranial bones. He later decided to rename his technique Craniosacral therapy and begin to teach it in 1983.

Can manual osteopaths work in hospitals?

We have many students working in hospitals as physiotherapists & physicians. However until now we just had one student who was working as an osteopath in a hospital in UAE. Now we found out another student, Stéphane Laporte, DOMP, DO (a graduate of National University of Medical Sciences & National Academy of Osteopathy) has secured a position as an osteopath in Vietnam. We are so proud of him!

This is an email sent today to Dr Pourgol by Stephane:
This email is to send you a heartfelt thank you for your guidance in the field of Osteopathy. Thanks to you and your education, I am now working in a major JCI accredited hospital in the physical therapy and rehabilitation department. It’s a great experience, working in a team of therapists. This is of course the very beginning, and I look forward to grow fast in personal development and to apply the lessons from the NAO & NUMSS business lectures.”

Who founded CRMOO?

We have started the process of getting the profession of manual osteopathy regulated in Ontario (Canada). The Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario (CRMOO) has been created to unite the profession as unity is the first and most important of the three requirements of the Ontario government to evaluate a profession for regulatory purposes.

Osteopathy is already regulated in the province of Ontario. In Ontario osteopaths are medical doctors who are members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO). The first time the profession started the process of regulation it failed because the word “osteopathy” was used. This caused opposition by CPSO and confused the Ontario government as “osteopathy” was already regulated. To avoid this concern “Manual Osteopathy” is used instead to separate our profession from osteopathic medicine in Ontario.

The second time profession started the process of regulation it also failed because selected organizations decided to exclusively start the regulatory process without uniting the profession. This has failed because Ontario government requires the profession to be united. This Coalition has been formed with the sole purpose of uniting the profession and representing the profession when dealing with the Ontario government. To this end the Coalition will accept all schools, all associations, and all organizations. It is not mandate of the Coalition to set educational requirements and policies for the profession or evaluate each organization. Educational, ethics and practice guidelines will be decided and developed by an appropriate committee when manual osteopathy regulation is achieved. Until then every organization is accepted.

There will not be any leadership posts in the Coalition. The Coalition will be managed by a committee that includes one representative from each school and organization. This is important as we want all organizations feel they have a voice in managing the Coalition. We understand there may be a few organizations that wish not to join the Coalition. However the majority will join and we believe the ones who do not join initially will join it later once they realize how beneficial regulation is to the profession.

All philosophical and educational differences can and should be set aside for the purpose of becoming united to get the profession regulated. Once manual osteopaths are regulated, they can get together and decide on what requirements they wish to have for osteopathic education. To do this beforehand is troublesome as it causes a divide in the profession and without unity there will not be regulation.

I invite all osteopathic manual practitioners to speak to their alma mater and associations and to encourage them to join this Coalition for the benefit of manual osteopathy.

Get united to become regulated.

Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD
National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada)
National University of Medical Sciences (Spain)
National University of Medical Sciences (USA)
Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners

How often can you increase your fees for osteopathic care?

While majority of manual osteopaths charge $80 to $140 per hour, we are seeing more and more alumni charging higher fees in Canada and abroad as per our request.

We reported before Dr Kenny Wong (physiotherapist/osteopath) in Malaysia charging $400 per hour for osteopathic care and Dr. Thomas Andrew (massage therapist/osteopath), an alumnus of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) charging $400 for 90 minutes of osteopathic care in Bermuda. We have now been told that our alumna Dr Liza Egbogah (chiropractor/manual osteopath) is charging $270 per hour in downtown Toronto (Ontario, Canada).

In our business lectures we went over how to effectively increase your fees. A small increase in your fees will not deter patients from utilizing your services. However even a small increase have a huge impact on your net profit, as your expenses remain the same. So any increase in service fees translate into profit.

Dr Liza

Can NAO alumni join NSOA?

Yes, our alumni can join the Nova Scotia Osteopathic Association (NSOA) as full members.

Can alumni join the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada?

Yes they can. Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada (https://www.facebook.com/osteopathypainclinics) has been founded by our president, Dr Shawn Pourgol to connect patients with our alumni and to increase osteopathy utilization by the public.Only osteopathy graduates of our three schools, National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada), National University of Medical Sciences (USA) and National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) can join this clinic. OCPCC works in many countries, not just Canada.

Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada logo - Sept 27 2017

How can I buy NAO t-shirt and caps?

National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) t-shirts and caps are available for purchase by contacting Tanya at info@MarketingNeeds.ca. Polo T-shirt is available in 100% cotton and performance materials.

How to Choose the Right Osteopathy School in Canada?

Here is a quick guide on what to look for when choosing a school for osteopathic education: http://nationalacademyofosteopathy.blogspot.ca/2018/04/how-to-choose-right-osteopathy-school.html

What kind of diploma will I receive?

We issue a DOMP title. Most insurers in Canada accept the title of DOMP (Diploma in Osteopathic Manual Practice) as it is a Canadian title used exclusively in Canada. National Academy of Osteopathy is the copyright holder of the DOMP title in Canada, registered with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office on October 09, 2013 (registration # 1108241).

Is NAO affiliated with CRMOO?

The Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario (CRMOO) is in the process of getting the manual osteopathy profession regulated in Ontario. National Academy of Osteopathy has provided $200,000 in funding to CRMOO and is affiliated with it. Dr Shawn Pourgol, president of National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada) is the founder of the Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario.

What associations can I join after graduation?

NAO alumni can join osteopathic associations across Canada that are accepted by most extended health plan insurers. While manual osteopaths in Canada can work on cash basis without joining any associations in Canada, to bill insurers for manual osteopathic care they must join associations to get a license number for insurance billing purposes. There are many associations in Canada that are accepted by insurers and there are also some that are not. Currently almost all insurers that cover manual osteopathy, also accept associations National Academy of Osteopathy alumni can join. More alumni of National Academy of Osteopathy are presidents of associations in Canada than any other schools of osteopathy. NAO alumni are presidents of associations in Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador and Manitoba. The license numbers of many of these associations are accepted by almost all extended health plan providers. Currently are alumni who are members of selected associations are getting reimbursed by all insurers that cover manual osteopathy in Canada.

How dedicated is NAO to osteopathy?

How dedicated is NAO to osteopathy?

For us at NAO, osteopathy is our life. We live, think, and breath osteopathy. It is because of NAO that manual osteopathy is now expanded to 69 countries around the world. It is because of NAO that we now have a World Osteopathy Day (founded by NAO president Dr Pourgol in 2012) in June 22nd that is set to be recognized by the Ontario parliament as the official World Osteopathy Day. It is because of NAO that Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada has become the main provider of osteopathic care in Canada. It is because of NAO that the Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy is funded with $200,000 to help manual osteopathy become regulated in Ontario. And it is because of NAO that the we now have Osteopathy TV (www.osteopathytv.com) which is in the process of preparing “The Last Resort”, the first documentary on manual osteopathy which is going to be offered free of charge to NetFlix, PBS, and the Documentary Channel to increase public awareness in the role of osteopathy in chronic pain management. This documentary explains how and why manual osteopathy is so effective in treating chronic pain. No other school has done as much for osteopathy as NAO in elevating the profession.

How long is the osteopathic education?

In Canada most Council on Manual Osteopathy Education (CMOE) accredited schools offer education that is similar in total hours of lecture time (about 2000 hours). However most offer it in 3 to 5 years part time (one weekend a month). There is no full time manual osteopathy program in English speaking Canadian provinces that is longer than 1 year. NAO (Canada) offers a 1 year full time, a 2 years part time, and a 5 years part time DOMP program through on-campus in Toronto or online video lecture format across the world.

How many instructors teach in the school?

NAO has about 30 instructors, including more technique instructors than any other schools in Canada. To see the list of NAO instructors click on the link below: http://www.nationalacademyofosteopathy.com/faculty

Does NAO offer clinical internship for online and on-campus students?

NAO offers a teaching clinic in Toronto for its campus based students. Online students have also the option of doing supervised clinical training under NAO alumni in different cities which includes seeing 200 patients, completing 12 clinical rounds, handing in 12 clinical case reports, doing treatments on approved NAO clinicians, getting treatments by approved NAO clinicians, a thesis suitable for publication, and on-site practical and written exams.

Are you planning to work in US?

If you wish to practice European style manual osteopathy in the states (our profession is known as osteopathic manual practice in the States) you should choose an osteopathy school that is accredited by the US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education.
The alumni of osteopathy schools accredited by COMPE are able to write the board exams administered by the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board. Those who pass the board exams can then apply to the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practice for membership.
Upon joining AAOMP as a member you will be awarded with the title of COMP (Certified Osteopathic Manual Practitioner). AAOMP has copyrighted the title of COMP and only its members are permitted to use this title. NAO is an accredited member of COMPE. Our alumni are permitted to sit for the board exams of AOMPEB and to join AAOMP upon graduation. Many of the American osteopathic manual practitioners are our alumni.

What is COMP?

The American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (AAOMP), based in Nevada (USA) awards COMP (Certified Osteopathic Manual Practitioner) to its members.
The title is issued to AAOMP members who have successfully completed the board exams of the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPB).
This creates a standard title that the public would associate with osteopathic manual practitioners in US.

What is osteopathic manual practice?

What we teach is hands-on osteopathy, also known as European style osteopathy, manual osteopathy or osteopathic manual practice. These terms are used to distinguish what we teach from the American style osteopathy, also known as osteopathic medicine, which is taught across the states. Osteopathic medicine includes surgery and medications. European style involves only hands-on manual therapy.
In most countries alumni call what they do osteopathy. In the states we request alumni to use osteopathic manual practice as to not confuse the American public who associate osteopathy with osteopathic medicine.
The American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners requires its members to use the term “Osteopathic Manual Practice” instead of “osteopathy”.

Is the school accredited by UCOMPE?

Yes. our school is accredited by the US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education (UCOMPE). This permits our alumni to apply for the AOMPEB board exams and following successful completion of the board and all other requirements to join the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners.

Can alumni write AOMPEB board exams?

Yes. Our alumni are eligible to sit for the board exams administered by the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB).

Can alumni join AAOMP?

Yes. Our alumni who pass the board exams of American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB) and who satisfy all the membership requirement of the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (AAOMP) can join AAOMP.

What associations are founded by alumni?

Our alumni made us the leader in osteopathic education and we are proud of them. They are some of the most distinguished manual osteopaths in the world. Presidents of many osteopathy organizations have studied osteopathy with us including the following: American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,

Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,
American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board,
Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education (USA),
European Osteopathic Association, Caribbean Osteopathic Association,
Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board,
International Osteopathy Examining Board,
Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences,
British Columbia Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,
College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario,
Nova Scotia Osteopathic Association,
Newfoundland and Labrador Osteopathic Association,
L’Alliance Canadienne de Médecine Alternative,
National Osteopathic Practitioners Association,
Council on Manual Osteopathy Education, Manitoba Osteopathic Association,
College des osteopathes canadiens, Iranian Osteopathic Association,
African Osteopathic Association,
Osteopathy Association of Asia and International Osteopathic Association.
Each association has its own membership criteria.
Our alumni who satisfy the membership requirements of each association are eligible to join as members.

Can alumni join European Osteopathic Association?

Yes. Alumni can join European Osteopathic Association (EOA) as a full member. Osteopath/physiotherapist, Dr Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO, PhD (from Milan, Italy) is the first president of the European Osteopathic Association (EOA).
Dr Bordoni is one of the most prolific osteopathic researchers in the world who has published numerous osteopathy related research papers and books.
EOA is affiliated with the International Osteopathic Association (IOA) and follows its mandate and policies.
Dr Bordoni is a graduate of the PhD in Osteopathic Clinical Sciences program of the National University of Medical Sciences (USA). He is also a member of the board of governors of our two universities in USA and Spain.

Can alumni join Alberta Osteopathic Association?

Yes, alumni can join the Alberta Osteopathic Association (AOA).Manual osteopath, Tracy Laval, DOMP is the president of AOA.
Tracy is a graduate of National Academy of Osteopathy as well as being a member of the Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners.
Tracy is also a member of the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada in Calgary, Alberta (clinic #167).

Can Manual Osteopaths Use Physiotherapy Modalities?

Yes. Manual osteopaths who have studies modalities are permitted to use physiotherapy modalities such as ultrasound, laser, electrotherapy, thermotherapy, cryotherapy, magnetic therapy, etc. in most jurisdictions. However they cannot call what they do physiotherapy and they cannot call themselves physiotherapists (unless they are licensed physiotherapists). In some locations however, such as Quebec in Canada and California in US, manual osteopaths are not permitted to use most physiotherapy modalities. Please check the laws of the province, state and the country you plan to practice for exact information. Our DOMP program does not offer any courses on modalities. NAO alumni who wish to lean modalities are encouraged to apply for the doctor of osteopathy (DO) program offered by our sister school, the National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) which includes a course on Osteopathic Auxiliary therapy which teaches students how to use many of the available physiotherapy modalities. NAO alumni receive advanced credits towards the DO program.

Are the on-site practical technique classes mandatory?

The two weeks of on-site practical technique labs in Toronto (Canada) are mandatory only for our Canadian students. The two weeks of practical training is optional for students based in the United States of America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. Canadian students can either take the two weeks together at the same time, or one after each semester.

How can get bodies to practice osteopathic techniques on?

An easy way to get volunteers to allow you to practice osteopathic techniques is to post a notice on your personal Facebook page as well as Facebook groups of your city, asking for volunteers.
Aside from getting bodies to practice on, a benefit is many of them end up becoming your patients once you graduate and open your own clinic.
Many of our students have done this successfully. They got tons of volunteers while also getting many of them to come back as patients. But please make sure you make it clear that you are not providing manual osteopathic care and treatments. You are just practicing techniques. You are not a manual osteopath yet and as such you cannot provide treatments. You can however practice techniques on others as long as they know they are not receiving treatments.

Is NAO accepted by the Cree Nation?

Yes, it is. Bigstone Cree Nation Education Authority accepts National Academy of Osteopathy for financial aid. National Academy of Osteopathy has been accepted by the Bigstone Cree Nation Education Authority in Alberta. They have paid scholarships to a Cree Nation person to study at NAO. We are also accepted by the Metis Nation and some other First Nation education authorities in Canada.


Who is the first manual osteopath to be chosen as a health minister?

Honorable, professors Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DN, DO (Spain), PhD, one of our top students who is also one of our professors at National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada), National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) and National University of Medical Sciences (USA) has been chosen as the Minister of Health for the Southern Cherokee Nation & the Red Fire Nation in the United States. This is a historic achievement as it is the first time in history that an osteopathic manual practitioner has been chosen as a minister of health. We are proud of our alumni and wish the best for Honorable Dr Nuzum in his new position as the SCNRFN Minister of Health.

Is NAO a nonprofit organization?

We officially received the nonprofit registration documents of National Academy of Osteopathy on August 27, 2019! We are now officially the first osteopathy school in Canada to be registered as a nonprofit school. This means we do not pay the regular federal and provincial corporate tax we used to pay. But it also means that profits from NAO cannot be taken out for personal reasons. All profit generated must remain with NAO.
One of our first project with the extra cash we have now available is to upgrade all aspects of National Academy of Osteopathy. We have already started the projects. Many new books have been ordered for our library. And we got a bunch of new anatomical models for the York University Heights campus of National Academy of Osteopathy in Toronto. Life size skeletons, joints, thorax models for visceral osteopathy and detachable skulls for cranial osteopathy and many others. We are on a shopping spree!