The goal of the osteopathic rehabilitation sciences postgraduate fellowship specialty program is to produce manual osteopaths who have acquired advanced clinical knowledge from careful observation and deduction; learned to test these deductions by experimentation and questioning; and applied these skills and knowledge to the practice and teaching of manual osteopathy.
This post-graduate specialty program is conducted by National Academy of Osteopathy and approved by the College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (Ontario). It emphasizes academics, teaching, research, publication, and advanced clinical training and experience. The program develops manual osteopathic clinicians, researchers, and scholars capable of participating in a multidisciplinary environment.
Graduates are eligible to apply to the College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Science for Fellowship status. Upon admittance to the college, graduate are permitted to use FCORS designation (Fellow of the College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences.)
Please Note: Graduation from the NAO osteopathic rehabilitation sciences program does not give the graduate the right to practice as a manual osteopathy specialist. Graduates must first achieve Fellowship status by fulfilling the qualifications required by The College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences.
Applicants are admitted twice per year to the program (February & September). Space is limited and admission is competitive. Having the minimum qualification does not guarantee acceptance to this fellowship program.
Applicants must hold or obtain the following minimum qualifications before being admitted to the program:
- Graduation from a manual osteopathy program accredited by the Council on Manual Osteopathy Education;
- Successful completion of board examinations administered by the Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board;
- Membership in the International Osteopathic Association;
- Good academic standing.
Applicants in this fellowship program develop the following competencies:
- Core Subjects
- Basic Science
- Clinical science
- Osteopathic Science
- Practical skills
- Osteopathic Skills
- Practical Supervised Clinical Experience
A strong foundation in osteopathic history, philosophy, and approach to health care;
An understanding of the basic sciences within the context of the philosophy of osteopathy and the five models of structure-function. Specifically, the role of vascular, neurological, lymphatic and biomechanical factors in the maintenance of normal and adaptive biochemical, cellular and gross anatomical functions in states of health and disease;
Ability to form an appropriate differential diagnosis and treatment plan;
An understanding of the mechanisms of action of manual therapeutic interventions and the biochemical, cellular and gross anatomical response to therapy;
Ability to appraise medical and scientific literature critically and incorporate relevant information into clinical practice;
Competency in the palpatory and clinical skills necessary to diagnose dysfunction in the aforementioned systems and tissues of the body, with an emphasis on osteopathic diagnosis;
Competency in a broad range of skills of Osteopathic Manual Therapy;
Proficiency in physical examination and the interpretation of relevant tests and data, including diagnostic imaging and laboratory results;
An understanding of the biomechanics of the human body including, but not limited to, the articular, facial, muscular and fluid systems of the extremities, spine, head, pelvis, abdomen and torso;
Expertise in the diagnosis and OMT of neuromusculoskeletal disorders;
Thorough knowledge of the indications for, and contraindications to, osteopathic treatment;
A basic knowledge of commonly used traditional medicine and complementary/ alternative medicine techniques.
History and philosophy of science;
Gross and functional anatomy, including basic embryology, neuroanatomy and visceral anatomy;
Fundamental bacteriology, fundamental biochemistry, fundamental cellular physiology;
Physiology with special emphasis on the neuroendocrine immune network, the autonomic nervous system, the arterial, lymphatic and venous systems and the musculoskeletal system;
Biomechanics and kinetics.
Models of health and disease;
Safety and ethics;
Basic emergency care;
Basic orthopaedic diagnosis;
Basic pathology and pathophysiology of the nervous, musculoskeletal, psychiatric, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, reproductive, genitor-urinary, immunological, endocrine and otolaryngology systems;
Philosophy and history of osteopathy;
Osteopathic models for structure/function interrelationships;
Clinical biomechanics, joint physiology and kinetics;
Mechanisms of action for osteopathic techniques.
Obtaining and using an age-appropriate history;
Physical and clinical examination;
Basic life-support and first-aid care General synthesis of basic laboratory and imaging data;
Clinical problem-solving and reasoning;
Understanding of relevant research and its integration into practice;
Communication and interviewing;
Osteopathic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the nervous, musculoskeletal, psychiatric, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, genitor-urinary, immunological, reproductive and otolaryngology systems;
Osteopathic techniques, including direct techniques such as thrust, articulatory, muscle energy and general osteopathic techniques;
Indirect techniques, including functional techniques and counterstrain;
Balancing techniques, such as balanced ligamentous tension and ligamentous articulatory strain;
Fluid-based techniques, such as lymphatic pump techniques;
Reflex-based techniques, such as Chapmans reflexes, trigger points and neuromuscular Techniques;
Combined techniques, including myofascial/fascial release, Still technique, Osteopathy in the cranial field, involuntary mechanism and visceral techniques;
Applicants must accumulate a minimum of 1000 hours of supervised clinical practice.
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